The Democratic and Republican political parties are the two most strong in the United States. The Democratic and Republican parties are also duopolies, which means they share much of the country’s political influence. Indeed, as a study thesis, the government can do whatever it can to reform the two-party regimes.
The two-party structure in the United States has resulted in two major parties that control the legislature. While other minor parties exist, the Republican and Democratic parties in the United States have both of the advantages required to promote public rights. Some of the advantages of a two-party system include promoting government stability, order, peace, convenience, and political participation. The two-party system also makes organizing elections easier and simpler (Berg, John C.).
The two party systems present easily understandable political information to the citizens in an efficient and convenient manners making easy for voters to make sound decisions during elections. As such, the two party systems contribute to political order. Such helps voters to understand a party’s views on important issues affecting the citizens (Berg, John C.). As such, the two-party system makes it easier for worthy candidates to run for public office.
The two party systems discourage politicians from sudden shifts in rising political short term trends which may threaten government stability. In a case of voters disagrees with a candidate on an issue politically, the voters thus understand that the candidate represents the party’s central issues hence do not stop supporting their party. The elected leaders have more opportunities, focusing on long-term public policies that promote economic growth. The two-party system thus makes the government more efficient.
Despite the numerous benefits of a two-party system, there are a couple of shortcomings hence the need for the government to do away with the two-party systems. The democratic and republican parties dominate the United States’ political system hence limiting the choice citizens, and other candidates would have in a multiparty system. In the United States, one is either a Democrat or a Republican. Such a two party system would lead to partisan thus affecting democracy and government effectiveness. In the two party systems, there is only a winner and a loser (Winger, Richard).
Losers often stay out of politics as they have no other choice, unlike in a multiparty system where acceptable candidate forms coalition with losers or losers creates an opposition thus ensuring the government is efficient in its service delivery while upholding democracy and constitutional rights. In a two party system, the primary problem is the creation of parties that are polarized which have their agendas and interest (Winger, Richard). If a party member or politician makes a moderate comment, the party would criticize such a person and take away the person’s support politically. Such actions often force many moderate leaders with sound policies to put away their beliefs and align with the party’s beliefs, policies, rules, and guidelines. A two party system thus takes away the flexibility and independence from their members (Winger, Richard).
If a party, for instance, the Republican Party wins, the incumbent leadership would spend much of their time undoing what the outgone Democrats had done. Such actions often slow down the political development and to some extent the socio-economic growth of the nation. The government should do a lot more to change the country’s two- party system to ensure democracy, economic growth, lots of alternatives and political neutrality,
Berg, John C. “Issue Suppression and the Crisis of the American Party System: The Cost of Two-Party Duopoly.” SSRN Electronic Journal, Elsevier BV
Winger, Richard. “How the Ballot Access Laws Affect The U.S. Party System”. American Review of Politics, vol 16, 1996, p. 321. University of Oklahoma Libraries.