The Renaissance era is commonly used to refer to a particular period in European history that occurred between the 14th and 15th centuries. This time saw a significant resurgence of interest in classical ideals and knowledge of Rome and ancient Greece. The period was marked by major scientific advances such as patent law, a modern method of astronomy, bastion fortresses, liner painting, and the printing press. These technical advances and experimental breakthroughs had a major influence on art and society at the time.
For starters, literary realism emerged as a result of rapid technological development. One of the most notable artist of this period was Leonardo da Vinci. He is recognized for pioneering the style of Realism in his paintings such as Mona Lisa. He is also known as the first artist to have combined science and art through the drawing of anatomically correct humans in his works. The Renaissance art at the time sought to capture the experience of individuals, the beauty as well as the mystery of the natural world. Before the Renaissance, most authors and artists commonly focused on different religious topics only. These individuals were known to write of the clergy and nobility. However, after the commencement of the Renaissance, many authors started writing about topics that individuals would understand and enjoy by focusing on the human beauty. People drawn in art were depicted as living life and with emotions.
Secondly, there was increased development of literature. Renaissance literature was highly characterized by humanist themes as well as different classical ideas of comedy and tragedy. One of the examples of such works includes Shakespeare’s work such as Hamlet. Most of the literature works at the time had themes such as the true nature of human beings, human agency as well as life’s non-religious meanings.
Another way through which technology influenced art was through the creation of a three dimensional illusion. This was through the use of techniques such as foreshortening and perspective to create more realistic works. Painters at the time were also able to create new oil paint blends which allowed the innovation of an easier medium to work known as oil-on-canvas when compared to wet plasters. Also, artists rediscovered various classical techniques by using them innovatively to create sculptors that were more realistic. They also focused on decorative arts which greatly inspired them. Throughout the Renaissance, artists are believed to have applied the disciplines of math and science to improve on old techniques.
Technology advancement led to the development of printing press. There was demand for the perfect reproduction of texts that helped trigger the discovery of printing with movable types. This allowed modern culture to develop in numerous ways. Johannes Gutenberg is known for developing the printing press in the year 1440. It allowed secular books, Bibles, as well as printed music to be reproduced in large amounts. This allowed them to reach more people in different parts of the globe. New technologies also resulted in the creation of new music instruments such as violin and harpsichord.
In conclusion, we see that the technological and scientific innovations during the Renaissance period had a tremendous impact on art and culture. It allowed for a more humanistic outlook on things. In art, it allowed for the creation of a three dimensional illusion. It also allowed creation of sculptures and discovery of oil-on-canvas which was an easier medium of culture compared to wet plasters. The discovery of printing press allowed for different kinds of information to be disseminated to a large group of individuals.