Rights of women form an essential component of the broad universal human rights. Gender equality establishes the foundations for values and is the heart of human rights. Due to gender inequality around the world, millions of women continue to be discriminated and denied equal rights as their male counterparts.
Various policies and laws prohibit the women from having equal access to certain resources like housing, land and properties. Some even experience socioeconomic discrimination that results in fewer women taking control of their social and economic standards and making them vulnerable to human trafficking. Most women around the world face violence that is gender based and some have even been denied their reproductive and sexual health rights. Women emerging as activists to defend their human rights are most of the times ostracized and threatened by their communities. The role of women in the establishment of peace and security has always been overlooked in many parts of the word and this is so due to the kind of risks they get prone to in situations of conflicts. Moreover, there are some categories of women who experience compounded forms of injustices and discrimination as a result of their age, socioeconomic status, disability and ethnicity in addition to their gender (Agosin 18).
Effectively ensuring the women’s human rights, we need to understand the power relations and social structures that frame and govern the laws, politics, social dynamics, economy, family life and the life of a community. It is important that harmful social and gender stereotypes against women is dismantled. This will enable the society to view women in the light of what women are; as being individuals that are unique with their own desires and needs and not what women should do.
Agosín, Marjorie. Women, Gender, and Human Rights: A Global Perspective. Rutgers University Press, 2001.