Sociology refers to as the study of human social relationships and institutions that range from crime to religion, family, state, race, social class as well as culture (Frayne, 2015. These are key to understanding human actions and consciousness. The study of the behavior of humans as social beings covers analyzing short contracts between the anonymous to humankind history, psychology, and economics. At all times, people have been working hard. But even the best job becomes a problem when it monopolizes so much of life. As such, it is important to understand that working hard alone would not perfectly bring about a sense of meaning in absence of the sociological values. These values need to be embedded in society for better and longer lives of people.
Sociologists imagine developing some ground, called the sociological imagination, that describes seeing the lives of people as well as of those who are researched as studying a wider perspective of their lives continues (Frayne, 2015). The process is carried from the money used, the languages spoken, the people’s opinions, the food eaten, the cloth being worn among others. People, therefore, lean to the history of their subject as well as the social background they find themselves (Frayne, 2015). One’s social life is limitless as it involves everything that one is involved with such as leisure, sports, education, health, sleep, tourism, and media.
Sociology is a very large field in modern sexuality; it is qualified into main subjects which are class, gender, race, age, sexuality, and disability, and how this affects people’s lives through shaping them as well as increasing their experiences. It begins with focusing widely on the main from a wide range of backgrounds (Davies, 2012). As such, for people to understand the subject, people need to familiarize themselves with it as well as learn how it operates. In particular, when studying sociology, one is taught how to think critically and understand the social process and people. The other important aspect is to generate and analyzes both qualities and quantities of related data. The skills that one gets are very useful in later life as well as skills employers are much pleased with, and therefore opening more doors regarding career opportunities.
There are three theories that observe the issue of equality in society: structural functionalism, symbolic, and conflict theory. Structural functionalism tries to explain the functional parts of the society to serve a purpose (Frayne, 2015). For a society to be successful, all these parts must carry their responsibility and balance (Frayne, 2015). Symbolic theory tries to explain the nature of interaction among members of a particular group. On the other hand, conflict theory exposes how society benefits from the resources whereas the minorities are left with little or none.
Sociological imaginations, therefore, exist where there is a relationship between past behaviors and current behaviors. An example is when an alcoholic decides to stop taking alcohol and this becomes a difficult habit to stop. Others include feelings of loss, being dissatisfied while one wants to feel satisfied with the existing life. These theories aid interactions in groups and in individuals. They also help explain how cultures evolve and communities fit into their environment enabling people to interact within the population at certain times. There are several instances of people trying to fit into the changing times, for example, gender equality, where women are up in arms for them to be respected and taken equally while offering opportunities.
Sociology aims to study all analyze all aspects of the society. Society is a group of people, whose members reside in the same area, share the same culture, practices, values norms, beliefs, and artifacts. Sociologists might also carry on their research by visiting a society and recording how people talk and learn how their conversations are developed. Furthermore, a videotape might be recorded to observe the way people in that society carry out their activities. Others might interview a representative sample on how the emails and the internet have changed their lives and their places of work determining how different it was in the past. Moreover, one might study the history of how countries became first and third world countries during the colonial era, using the information from IMF, World Bank, and the United Nations.
There are different ways of studying other people, such as face-to-face study, which is important when dealing with large-scale information like the historical past as it is likely to summarize and analyze information. It is, therefore, advisable for one to grade his/her analysis for easier interpretation based on the level of interaction involved (Frayne, 2015). It is also important to divide the information based on the grading such as micro, meso, macro, and global. In instances, involving the study of the people’s politeness of language, it is most advisable for one to use one-on-one interaction, a study referred to as micro-sociology. Research is carried on specific persons like partners, family members, work associates, or a group of friends. Researchers might use this process to understand how they talk to each other for example when they are speaking how disciplined they are while talking, the rules on how they speak, and how at times it can bring misunderstandings. Sociologists try to determine how the rules of politeness may lead to any misunderstanding (Davies, 2012). If the same mistake happens in several societies, they generalize and categorize the mistakes that lead to misunderstandings more often. It would be helpful in reducing tension associated with talks in group meetings and other forms of research and how it leads to loyalty among the gangs.
Macro-sociology, on the other hand, involves dealing with people on a large scale. Discovering the influence of migration or changing patterns of language usage is a macro-level phenomenon as it refers to the structures and processes of social interaction that occur outside or beyond the intimate circle of individuals (Srnicek, 2015). Researchers have shown that macro-level problems are in fact nothing more than unique interactions between individuals at one time, yet they have properties of their own which they would have missed. Sociologists focused their study on specific individuals (Davies, 2012). Although the scale of sociological studies and the methods of carrying them out are different, the researchers found a way of dealing with these issues of micro or macro dilemmas which will help them discover their historical as well as social past and compare it to their present.
Sociological imagination helps with dealing with personal problems like obesity, unemployment, marital problems, or feeling obsessed. These problems affect individuals directly, and therefore are very delicate to them, so one should be cautious while dealing with this kind of individuals (Srnicek, 2015). It is best that these people are to be addressed and understood personally in nature, physiological, or even moral attributes and these issues are understood as personal (Berry, 2015). Obesity has been discovered to be a rising problem in both North and South America; this problem is understood to be not only a social problem but also a medical one being caused by diet issues, medical issues as well as habitually related issues that may lead to hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases (Williams, 2013). Not only does it brings huge medical bills but also causes a huge blow in terms of social cost.
The sociological imagination can deal with problems very close to the people that seem private such as being overweight as well as rape victims among others, how they began evolving overtime as well as how the casualties and the society deal and takes care of such cases efficiently and perfectly. The individual’s side of the story is exposed and experts help in training the individuals and the society on how to be very cautious in such situations (Frayne, 2015). Telling people where the problems originate goes a long way in helping people and the society in dealing and tackling these problems in the future. Applying systematic and scientific methods to this process helps not do away with their business and pre-convinced ideas that influence their conclusions.
Most of the sociologists are, therefore, interested in the interaction of individuals and their impact on people’s lives. Sociologists make choices to choose one over another due to the pressure they face. Understanding the relationship between individuals and society is very important and is often the most difficult due to sociological problems (Frayne, 2015). Rectification refers to the process one obtains a complex and mutable process. A good example being when people say that society affects someone or something in a certain way. The connectional distinction among society and the individual is obtained through a process called rectification, where both the society and the individuals are viewed as an object, subject to rectification.
The problem of sociology is that its concepts have been established by a very moral framework. In modern democratic societies, it is vital to understand in terms of social context. Talking about society is akin to being morally soft and lenient (Weeks, 2011). Sociology is neutral and unbiased in relation to these questions and in dealing with this issue due to how delicate they are. The sociological process is able to see this problem more thoroughly. Individuals should take responsibility for their social roles and consequences when they fail to live up to them.
Sociology studies all the aspects and levels in society to regulate the behavior of humans (Davies, 2011). Humans depend on institutions and organizations to inform them and advise them on decisions they should make or what they are about to make. Given that the role organizations and institutions play in enlightening people and advising them to play a very important role in a person’s decision. Sociology helps people learn how the behavior of people was established as well as how institutions interact with one another. The most basic organizational structures are economic, religious, educational, governmental, and political institutions, there are however those that deal with specific persons and issues such as the peer, family, military, community, and volunteer organizations.
Sociological values are important and should be installed into society beyond just working hard at work to get a sense of meaning. In particular, people should engage in other activities after their normal work that includes interacting with new friends, physical exercises as well as going for medical checkups regularly. This way, life would be more interesting as well as longer.
Adorno, T. W., 1991. Free time. In The culture industry: selected essays on mass culture (pp.162-170). Routledge.
Berry, C. J., 1994. The idea of luxury: a conceptual and historical investigation (Vol. 30). Cambridge University Press.
Darling, R. B., 2002. The partnership approach: A Sociological Model of Practice. The Partnership Model in Human Services: Sociological Foundations and Practices, pp.3-16.
Davies, W. and McGoey, L., 2012. Rationalities of ignorance: on the financial crisis and the ambivalence of neo-liberal epistemology. Economy and Society, 41(1), pp.64-83.
Dowling, J. and Pfeffer, J., 1975. Organizational legitimacy: Social values and organizational behavior. Pacific Sociological Review, 18(1), pp.122-136.
Harrison, L. E., 2002. Culture matters: how values shape human progress. Basic Books.
Frayne, D., 2015. Refusal of work: rethinking post-work theory and practice. Zed Books.
Kahle, L.R., 1983. Social values and social change: adaptation to life in America. Praeger Publishers.
Sherif, M., 1936. The psychology of social norms. Harper.
Srnicek, N. and Williams, A., 2015. Inventing the future: postcapitalism and a world without work. Verso Books.
Thurstone, L.L., 1927. The method of paired comparisons for social values. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 21(4), p.384.
Wakefield, J.C., 1992. The concept of mental disorder: on the boundary between biological facts and social values. American Psychologist, 47(3), p.373.
Weeks, K., 2011. The problem with work: Feminism, Marxism, antiwork politics, and postwork imaginaries. Duke University Press.
Williams, A. and Srnicek, N., 2013. # ACCELERATE MANIFESTO for an accelerationist politics. Rhuthmos.