After recording-breaking 2016-2017 rainy season, California recorded 30.75 inches of precipitation which is the second highest, in comparison to1895’s record. According to the California drought portal, statewide water savings exceeded 25% in February 2017, compared to the preceding year, which was 11%.the water conservation changed after the rainy season (Gonzales and Ajami e1240). In June 2016, the board of state water introduced a new process which committed to recycling water. This enabled water conservation to increase compared to previous years because of changes in how the process was done to a whole new improvement. New methods like stress test approach of water conservation were adopted in May 2016 which would help in dealing with the California drought by ensuring three year supply under the condition,
The conservation of groundwater also improved because of many approved propositions throughout the whole program. The state water board approved acceptance of funds that would sponsor projects of groundwater conservation through clean up and prevention of contamination of the water. Department Water Resources (DWR) regulations guided that local groundwater sustainability agency management would come into effect in June 2016 (Gonzales and Ajami 10620). There were regulations that were passed in which ensured water conservation in California by prohibiting driveway and sidewalk cleaning using portable water, excessive wastage during irrigation with potable water, water spillage when washing cars with hoses that have no shutoff nozzles, having beautiful water fountains that do not reuse water, using irrigation outside that is unnecessary, using potable water to rejuvenate grass lawns on public street quadrangles, and using potable water to irrigate surroundings of new architectures and houses in cities.
The reasons for changes in water conservation were mainly because of law enforcers who enacted plans to ensure that consumption of water in California would not outstrip dwindling supply. This also included regulations on how water would be used especially in irrigation, cleaning, and decorations. Californians perceive that they ought to indulge inefficient water use even when in excess. According to the law enforcers, conservation is more of reducing water use which includes wasting less or simply doing without (Brelsford and Joshua 104). They gave an example of dropping a tissue in the garbage instead of flushing it down the toilet. Efficiency means using a limited amount of something and yet maximizing its utility by using better techniques or technology. California has adopted recycling as the major conservation method.
Among all the water saving techniques used in California, only a few were effective which include the use of washing machines for fully loaded laundry, running the full dishwasher, avoiding excessive water spillage when washing dishes by hand, and install low-flow showerheads for indoor conservations. For outdoor conservations, the regulations on how to use water during irrigation, washing driveways and decoration were effective. The plans that were laid down by DWR to conserve both rainwater and groundwater were effective. The most effective method of water conservation in California was executed by California’s governor Jerry Brown which lays out a framework which encourages more permanent reality into water conservation by wise ways of using water, elimination of water waste and drought eradication through agriculture and efficient plans. California has been able to overcome drought and conserve water through all the measures taken by government and citizens.
Brelsford, Christa, and Joshua K. Abbott. “Growing into water conservation? Decomposing the drivers of reduced water consumption in Las Vegas, NV.” Ecological Economics 133 (2017): 99-110.
Gonzales, Patricia, and Newsha Ajami. “Social and Structural Patterns of Drought-Related Water Conservation and Rebound.” Water Resources Research 53.12 (2017): 10619-10634. Web. 13 Apr. 2018.
Gonzales, Patricia, and Newsha K. Ajami. “The Changing Water Cycle: Impacts of An Evolving Supply And Demand Landscape On Urban Water Reliability In The Bay Area.” Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water 4.6 (2017): e1240. Web. 13 Apr. 2018.