Once Ronald Reagan took office, he was faced with several challenges which prompted him to adopt the conservative policies which he thought was the best technique to deal with the crisis at the time. Ronald Reagan’s presidency is used by historians in the United States to emphasize the Reagans revolution which was conservative. The revolution had a significant lasting impact especially the foreign and domestic policies which he adopted. Besides, Ronald’s leadership Era dominated American history in the same way that of Franklin Roosevelt did (Mervin, 58). The Ronald’s leadership Era is characterized by ideas and policies which were beyond himself, and he was a leader described as a conservatism moment. His conservatism ideas dominated most of the nation’s policies especially on matters to do with the Cold War, Tax and even the judicial system. Other conservatism movements which existed during Reagan’s leadership include the Heritage Foundation and also the jerry Farwell foundation. Besides, Ronald Reagan introduced economic policies which were primarily based on the theory of supply sides economy. His administration significantly reduced taxes especially after the implementation of The Economic Tax of 1981. Further, domestic expenditures were also significantly cut during the era but increased military spending.
Conservatism reformers during Ronald’s era hoped to reduce the taxes and domestic expenditure, besides, they hoped to repair the strength of their economy as well as the nation’s prestige. Moreover, most conservative completely supported the idea of ending segregation and discrimination in places of work. However, most conservative reformers did not agree with some of the policies which were adopted to achieve the goals they had set, and they hoped that such programs would be reversed for them to get a chance of achieving racial balance through the affirmative action. And indeed, President Reagan did not disappoint the conservatism reformers for he worked to attain their wishes. However, after his reelection, Ronald Reagan was faced with numerous challenges. For he had difficult times implementing his conservatism policies. His agendas were greatly hindered by the growing deficits especially after the Iran-contra affair failed (Schwab, 361).
The Great Society was an ambitious period of policy-making and legislation which was spearheaded by President Johnson Lyndon. Johnson’s primary aim during the period was to end crime, promoting equality, protecting the environment and also reducing crime. Johnson first presented ideas of the great society while giving a speech at the University of Michigan as he was eyeing re-election. The great society is considered as one of the greatest social reform ideas in history. Most of the goals of the great organization were accomplished during the 89th congress which lasted from 1965 to January 1967 (Davies, 567). Johnson urged the Congress to implement more than 200 new laws hence launching the civil right of protection. As a way of battling discrimination, Johnson signed the Civil act right of 1964 which outlawed any form of discrimination based on color, race religion or even sex. Besides Johnson also signed the Economic opportunity act which as the basis of the war against poverty.
However, Presidents Johnsons goals became hard to accomplish because they required a lot of resources to endorse successfully. Besides, America’s engagement in Vietnam brought about a lot of financial challenges which disrupted the implementation of the great society. Losses incurred during the Military expansion in Vietnam led to the drop of public appeal of Johnson’s administration and the policies he initiated.
Davies, Gareth. “The Historical Presidency: Lyndon Johnson and Disaster Politics.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 47.3 (2017): 529-551.
Mervin, David. Ronald Reagan: The American Presidency. Routledge, 2014.
Schwab, Larry M. The Illusion of a Conservative Reagan Revolution. Routledge, 2017.