Traditional vs Medieval Art

The Christian and Scientific organizations do appear to be conflicting in all the subject matters in discussion. Religion and science give the impression of handling these issues differently, with the ambitions of Middle Age art and science facing opposition and inhibition from religion. Most people pose questions for the reasons of these contests, leading to a brewed confusion of ideas within the minds of the people. However, the roots of these stem back to early discoveries and the chest thumping wars to prove who was preaching the truth between religion, artists, and scientists. Regarding the same, it is a feeling that Middle Age religion was strict against the discovery and quest for knowledge. With an example from Saint Luke drawing by Ebbo art, this paper analyses the reason for this effort to dwarf the curiosity and attention to the material world, provides a historical explanation and derives the practicality in art.

The discoveries in the Middle Age geared little towards the material culture by several scientists and artists coming up with concepts and ideas in such fields. People who participated in such activities did the same with information gathered from a few experiments and experiences. The coming of religion and its studies tended to stall everything, as every mind changed to spirituality. That period from the fall of the Roman Empire to the start of the Renaissance was the time when much scientific efforts and steps to illuminate the world with their new knowledge and discoveries faced challenges, like never before. It received baptism as the dark ages, as any development in art and science was stagnant at the time. All the ideas had to possess a spiritual perception, to promote the spiritual need and to anchor it strongly.

The ideas of great philosophers changed during the time as a way of showing the support to the oppressive regimes of that time. An example is the drawing of Saint Luke, which indicates the representation of gospel in that time. The concepts of the diagram appear spiritual and display information about the study of the doctrine. Any observer to the diagram will not miss the message as it is evident how there exists a perfect connection between the heavens and the earth. In between, there is a bright cloud, separating the two worlds. The readings of the scroll and one attached to the pulpit stand are conveying the notion of strict scientific observation.

In the art of aristocrats, the people appear in images that were of religious adoption from the Roman Empire. An example is an adornment by Stilicho and his son who appears in the conceptual wearing of a photographic material called ‘barbarian suit’. It is not because they lacked the necessary materials to make their garments. The reason is the dynamic nature of the regimes that allowed little room for the discovery of new techniques of reading and defining the concepts of art and media. A comparison with the image in the book shows the exact representation of Biblical figures. The coloration of the image of Saint Luke matches the photo of Stilicho with minimal paints used. The religious protagonists believed that these types of paintings involved polychrome styles and reduced the curiosity of aspiring scientists and artists to discover more.

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The ideas of making the scientific inquiry regarding these issues were not easy to accomplish, as most people were running away from the consequences. The regimes then made life difficult for scientists and artists making the line of inquiry grim. As time changed, the people were unable to handle the challenges and drowned to the intense waves requiring them to make scientific investigation and development. It is possible to make sure these worked and gained constellation in the hearts of many. The one-and-one likeness of most images to that of the Bible is a show of the ideas these leaders had for the people.

The last worry to knowledge seekers, scientists and artists were the comings of philosophers. Aristotle and Plato lectured people on morality in the society. Most people borrowed these ideas and represented them as the best ways of living. Every scientific discovery and art were basing the concerns and minds towards the moral values. Some conflicted the scientific observations and experiments. Concerning these, all the ways of life and conduct to people bore more of moral, ethical and religious values for the completion of their discoveries.

In conclusion, the conflict of ideas behind most arts in the Middle Ages and religious regimes are an indication of the inhibitions then. Most scientific inquiries for knowledge were oppressing the science and information discovered in this field. Some examples are in Saint Luke paintings by Ebbo that reflected more on celestial research than real knowledge and material development. Restrictions demanded the use of scientific knowledge to support other religious ideas. The coming of brains like Aristotle was an example, as his teachings dwelt on ethics and morals. Otherwise, the scientific and artistic discovery would have made great impacts within the minds of the people.



Nees, Lawrence. Early Medieval Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Ross, Nancy. “Introduction to the Middle Ages.” Khan Academy. Accessed October 7, 2020.