The Silk Road is a historic route of cultural and economic trade across Eurasia. Notably, the road contributed significantly to the exchange between the West and China. The route is considered to be a high cultural bridge between Europe and Asia because splendid civilization was transferred to Rome, Persia, Greece, India, and China through it from the second century BC through the fifteenth century BC. The traverse of the Silk Road was extremely inhospitable terrain, which added to its romance (Wood, 2010). The Silk Road was used as a route for merchandise to travel long distances to destinations where such commodities were not available. The effect of this is that it led to religious, political, and economic exchange.
The Use of the Silk Road
The Silk Road was a route that was used in trading various commodities. Such goods ranged from exotic animals and plants to gold and ivory. The caravans headed west carried iron, lacquer, bronze, jade, ceramics, and furs. In the supply chains of the historical Silk Road, the agriculture of specific items such as mulberry, sugarcane, and rice was crucial (Haksöz, Seshadri, & Iyer, 2011). The convoys headed towards China carried various precious metals that were not manufactured in the country until the fifth century, and they included glass, gems, and ivory. Furthermore, the Silk Road was also used for cultural exchange and cross-border trade. The goods were transported by a series of agents, in a series of routes (Wood, 2010).
The Silk Road presented considerable impact in China and the West. For instance, it led to a story of peaceful trade and a rich history of harmonious and religious cultural exchange. One crucial aspect of the route is that it promoted the swap of culture. On this note, architecture, science, language, technology, philosophy, religion, art, and other aspects of civilization were transferred through the road. Ideally, this was achieved along with the commercial goods that were carried from one country to another by the merchants. Another effect of the Silk Road is that it promoted both economic and cultural connectivity (Haksöz et al., 2011). Consequently, it encouraged common prosperity and reduced suspicion between China and the West.
The Silk Road was an essential route for the Chinese and the West, with the most significant use being trading. Through the trading, both regions involved were able to develop their economy and boosted the intercultural communication between China and the West. As such, it promoted cultural diffusion and was a means for establishing competitive advantage between the two economies.
Haksöz, Ç., Seshadri, S., & Iyer, A. V. (Eds.). (2011). Managing supply chains on the silk road: strategy, performance, and risk. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.
Wood, F. (2010). The Silk Road. Berkeley: University of California Press.