Islamic religion deals with the political, economic and social development of civilization concerning Islamic faith. Many history scholars argue that Islam origin in Mecca and Medina at around the start of the mid-17th century about 600 years after Christianity was founded. To the devout Muslims, Islamic religion began a long time ago even before Prophet Mohammed walked on earth (Ali 47). The Quran itself reveals that Islam was a religion that existed only that it was revealed by Allah to Mohammed through Angel Gabriel “This is a revelation from the Lord of the universe. The Honest Spirit (Gabriel) came down with it, to reveal it into your heart that you may be one of the warners, in a perfect Arabic tongue” (Sura 26:192-195). However, Muslims believe that their religion did not start with Prophet Mohammed, but it was the original faith of others whom they regard as early prophets like Jesus, Abraham, Moses, Noah, Adam, and David (Ali 52).
The term Islam suggests to submit, which was derived from prophet Mohammed’s teachings as a way of leading Muslim believers to be submissive to one pure God Allah, who is the origin of everything, creator, and provider. According to tradition, Prophet Mohammed was born in Mecca at around 570. He belonged to the Quraysh family, and when he was forty years, at about 610 CE is when Mohammed began to receive what Muslims consider as divine revelation that was conveyed by angel Gabriel which would letter form the Quran (Islam 82). These revelations helped him to proclaim a monotheistic faith that would warn his counterparts about the coming judgment day and uphold the social justice of Mecca. His message spread and won over some followers, and it faced a lot of opposition from Mecca nobles.
Mohammed lost his uncle Abu Talib protection in 622 a few years after his uncle died, and this forced him to migrate to a city called Yathrib (currently Medina), where he went with his followers. Later on, with growing generations, this event would be counted and came to be known as Hijra which means the beginning and start of the Islamic era. While he was in Yathrib Mohammed was seen as a mediator between different communities of Yathrib based on terms of the Medina Constitution. He started laying the foundation of the new faith and Islamic society, with help from verses from the Quran, which offered guidelines on matters of religious observance and law (Islam 94). The surahs of that time stressed Mohammed’s place among the long line of biblical prophets while drawing a line between the Quran’s message and that from Judaism and Christianity. It was during this period that armed conflict between the different tribes of Jews of Yathrib area and Meccans broke out, and after several military engagement and political movements, Mohammed was able to secure the city and allegiance of the Quraysh in 629.
According to Denny, the Muslim religion is based on the foundation of togetherness or brotherhood by the spirit supported by five pillars of Muslim faith, which are Zakat, worship, hajj, fasting, and ritual prayer (31). Due to their strong faith, Muslims usually have five different scheduled times to pray in a day and have maintained places they consider sacred like the Mecca for many years. Every Muslim practice their prayers at the mosque and have a strong and shared belief that they should all be committed to Allah (Denny 42). To Muslims, the Quran is the most sacred book which contains the teaching of prophet Mohammed that was revealed to him by true God, who is Allah, the sole creator of the universe and its sustainer.
The Islamic religion is sustained by principles of each sub-division, the Shi’a and the Sunni. Up to date, the highest percentage of Islamic followers are found in Africa, Asia, and America. Islamic elements are essential to them. For instance, the Quran is a holy book that contains prophet teachings believed to have come from Allah, and it is a book with the Islamic faith, wisdom, and how the Muslim follower is to carry on with their daily life experiences, especially religion-wise. Additionally, the Quran contains Muslim prayers procedures, and the sharia given by the text makes it a book of knowledge and a unifying factor (Ali 56). The five pillars, on the other hand, are very critical in this religion in that they assist in the creation and development of their strengths and character. Muslims are given commands to engage in their duties by Allah following the five pillars to remind them of Muslim teaching at all times, unite them and help them to create consciousness of Allah.
As far as Muslims are concerned, morality is a vital aspect. Morality is the basis for their strengths and is worldly accepted by all Muslims because they give them a sense of belonging and to be unique in all situations (Islam 101). Safeguarding this moral, all believers guard what they see to be right and disregard what they see as evil and wicked. For instance, it is forbidden for Muslims to eat pork meat, drink alcohol, and smoke. It is not also ethical to be corrupt as a Muslim, and they are to be respectful and humble while showing humility to Allah and fellow human beings because people’s deeds and actions are supposed to be on the excellent interest of Allah, who is the judge of all human acts. The Islamic religion is argued to be in existence for a very long time, and its history is extensive and goes back in time.
Ali, M. M. “Holy Quran: Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam Lahore USA.” (2011).
Ali, Maulan Muhammad. Muhammad and Christ. Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam Lahore USA, 2011.
Ali, Kecia. Sexual ethics and Islam: feminist reflections on Qur’an, hadith and jurisprudence. Oneworld Publications, 2015.
Denny, Frederick. An introduction to Islam. Routledge, 2015.
Islam, Tajul. “Scholastic traditional minimalism: a critical analysis of intra-Sunni sectarian polemics.” (2015).