Drama refers to a particular type of fiction that is usually done in performance and characters perform it in a theatre, television or on the radio. Drama is derived from a Greek word that means action. In a more specific sense, drama refers to a particular type of play from the modern period. In this sense, drama refers to a play that is acted and not a comedy or tragedy. The origin of drama is dated since the religious rituals of human beings. The ancient Roman and Greek dramas were mainly focused on the religious aspects of the community. Thus, the clergy devised new methods of teaching the gospel to all people. Thus, they devised the method of using living creatures to explain the gospel.
After the earliest dramatic work by Aristotle, the drama was viewed as a poetic genre and people contrasted it with lyrics and epics. The aspect of drama to represent a type of play began in the 19th century. In this sense, the drama was termed as a play that was neither a tragedy nor a comedy. The western drama originated from Classical Greece. The culture of theatre in Athens introduced three types of drama, comedy, tragedy and the satirical play. According to the Athenians, drama originated from the festive celebrations of the god who was also known as the god of wine or Dionysus. During the rituals, animal sacrifices were made in the tragic drama and then there was a sacrifice of the hero. The Roman drama began in 240 BC as Greek drama went on with its performance during the Roman period. After the start of the empire, most people lost interest in full drama to seek for more entertaining theatrical performances. Comedies and tragedies were the first most critical Roman literature works.
There are four types of drama in the literature that includes tragedy, comedy, melodrama, and tragicomedy. The four types of drama have similar features such as characters, plot, dialogue, conflict, and flow of events as well as the general organization. Comedy is a form of drama that seeks to entertain the audience hence making them laugh. It has a joyous ending and a happy tone. This type of drama originated from the Greek traditional theatre. Comedy is further categorized under various subdivisions such as black comedy, sarcasm, farce and dramatic irony. Depending on the cultural aspects of the people, each type of comedy may have its specific category of audience.
The tragedy is the other type of drama that involves pain, insanity, death, and murders as the common ideas. In this type of drama, the protagonists face a weakness that leads to their downfall. The tragedy was introduced by the ancient Greece theatre. On the other hand, tragicomedy refers to a type of drama that incorporates the features of comedy and tragedy. In this type of drama, despite the happy instances, it may end with a sad note. Melodrama is the last type of drama in which almost all the events that take place in it are hyperbolized. It has simple themes and contains a lot of stereotypes. Melodrama first originated in France before the other types of drama. It was among the most famous forms of drama in the 19th Century.
Therefore, drama refers to a situation in which characters present a narrative on stage through live action or dialogue. Fundamentally, a drama is an acted story, something that gives it uniqueness as a distinct aspect of literature. Thus, the different types of drama and their history help one to understand how drama came into being as well as understanding various feature of each type.