The Historical Development of Poetry

Ancient Greek poetry, in epic and lyric form, was composed by poets that either entertained kings or composed for choirs.

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After this came the age of Provencal Literature between the 11th and 13 centuries. These poets used rhythm, meter, and form to express secret love, imagery, and the spiritualization of passion.

The Sicilian School followed in the 13th and 14th centuries these Italian poets used vernacular and employed various lyrical styles in their works.

Next in line was the Shakespearean and Elizabethan era English poets of the 16th and 17th centuries that used sonnets and ballads.

The metaphysical poets emerged in 18th century England. These poets used love, philosophy, and nature as their subject matter.

Just like Metaphysical Poets, the Romantic poets made compositions that praised nature. Consisted of seven poets and lasted 25 years between the rise of Byron in the 1790s and the demise of Lord Byron in 1824. .

The next greatest poetic movement was transcendentalism that lasted between 1836 and 1860. These poets strived for free expression and rebelled against the stifling education of the times.

Next in line, the Beat Movement that lasted between 1948 and 1963. This movement valued and incorporated creative expression, wanderlust, and disenfranchisement into poetry.

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Modern poetry, the latest step in this development, is marked by freedom in terms of style.


Work Cited

Lord Byron. Biography, Accessed May 2, 2019

Maya Angelou. Biography, Accessed May 2, 2019.

Poetry Communities and Movements. Web Exhibits, 2008, Accessed May 2, 2019