The Domestic History of the U.S from Lyndon B. Johnson to the Election of Ronald Reagan (1963-1980)

After the assassination of President Kennedy on 22nd, November 1963, Lyndon Johnson who was a fellow Democrat, ran for the presidency in 1964 with the aim of transforming JFK’s vision into reality. He won by defeating Goldwater; a Republican. He had the desire to establish consensus among different groups. President Johnson began by designing programs that exemplified his dream of a government that cared for the poor. He made his White House free to all groups including the congressmen, business people, mayors, academics and union leaders for healthy discussions that contributed to the success of this nation. This period was a success not only due to his full skill leadership but also various domestic cultures such as developmental events, political cultures, trends, and different personalities among others.

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Several events that President Johnson conducted during his reign were driven by the “Great Society” program that aimed at two key social reforms; eliminating poverty and racism. These programs included; Food Stamps Act, Head Start, Medicare and Work Study. The legislation furthermore focused on environmental protection, public broadcasting, education funding, and health Services. Johnson was able to pass the JFK’s bills that failed to be approved by the previous government. He, therefore, signed different legislations that fulfilled Kennedy’s dreams. For instance, the Coinage Act of 1965 was passed to loosen monetary policy that maintained encouraged substantial economic growth. The Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 was also passed, and it was later of importance to the businessmen. The Education Acts representing Elementary, Secondary and Higher Education were signed to develop funding programs to schools particularly those from poor backgrounds. The Apollo 8 program facilitated the first man visit to the Moon. National Endowment programs were also established to support talented artists and humanists. The Housing Act was also passed to allow equal opportunities to all with no racial discriminations. In 1967, the Supreme Court appointed Thurgood Marshall; a black as the assistant justice which marked the beginning of the fight against racism. In 1970, the EPA; Environmental Protection Agency was created for the implementation of the existing clean water and air policies and pesticides regulation.

Politically, President Johnson brought a wealth of political experience to the government. Democrats dominated the U.S in this period. This government advocated for reforms in the 24th and 25th amendments to the U.S Constitution. President Lyndon had distinct personalities that enabled him to tackle the problems of his nation. Matters on abortion rose political temperatures henceforth changing the political cultures of this era. In 1973, the Supreme Court ruled a critical decision pertaining the right for women to choose an abortion in Roe V Wade. This was viewed as a change in culture since Catholics had opposed it since the 1890s. The Democrats supported the notion as the Republicans opposed thus inflaming the national politics. Finally, in 1977, abortion was amongst the common medical procedures in hospitals.

America’s moral attitudes had changed due to sexual trends of the 1960s. The emergence of the counterculture movement advocated for in various social cultures like sex after formal commitment. Some people advocated for the right to prostitution, homosexuality, and pornography which came to pass in the 1970s.

In conclusion, the U.S’s economy was flourishing until the 1969-1970 where it experienced downturns due competition from the foreigners. After the death of President Lyndon, in 1973, they went through economic depressions due to the oil crisis. Ronald Reagan’s political journey begun with his activeness in Goldwater’s presidential campaigns. He narrowly lost the GOP nominations to Ford in 1976 but finally won the presidential elections in1980.