Despite the fact that Thomas Jefferson was in the country of France while serving again as the minister of the United States during the time when the Federal Constitution was developed in 1787, he was able to generate more influence in the development of the federal government through his personal correspondence. Much later, the action that he had taken as the First Secretary of State, the Vice President, the Third President of the United States and the leader of the opposition party in the United States were indeed phenomenal in developing the image of the capital of the nation while also coming up with the critical definition of the powers of the constitution and also the nature of the far emerging republic. This paper serves to examine whether Thomas Jefferson did a good job in defining the role of the government in the United States.
Aspect of Discussion
Jefferson contributed immensely in the process of planning, construction and also the designing of a national based capitol and the federal district. In the various states related offices where he served, he sought to develop a kind of federal government which had limited powers. In the period of 1800 elections, Aaron Burr and Jefferson were involved in a deadlocked and consequently developed various issues with the constitution. Nevertheless, once Thomas had sufficient votes from the College of the Electoral, the then curent leader John Adams initiated the aspect of power which was intended to be passed in a cohesive way from the scope of the losers to the victors during the presidential elections. Jefferson called his election victory the second revolution of the United States (Becker 12).
Whilst president, the principles of Jefferson underwent various tests in a number of ways. For instance, in the quest to buy the Louisiana jurisdiction from France where he intended to further widen his shallow knowledge of the general interpretation of the Constitution. However, Jefferson was firm in terminating the process of importation of the slaves while also keeping his views of the separation of the state and the church. In the long run, it is worth noting that he paved his way from James Madison as well James Monroe, his general scope of political protégés fastened the process of succeeding him in the presidency.
In the year 1776, Jefferson further penned the immortal words which patented the Declaration of Independence. The document which he developed succinctly brought into context the essence of the American comprehension of the right role of the government and the background of the liberty upon which the experience of the citizens of the United States is based. According to Jefferson, all the people were created in equal measures, and they have certain rights that they were given by the creator which can be alluded to be unalienable. These rights per se include the rights to life, liberty, and the rights to access happiness.
It is worth noting that in the contemporary times, there are propositions that many of the rights come from the federal government. There are various dangers that are associated with the development of such assumptions; among them is the fact that, if therefore the government is the source of all the rights, the creation of a given right by the government will then imply that it will also develop an obligation of an individual to fulfill that given right, hence compelling other people in the community to compromise something to meet the new requirement of a different person or rather a diverse group too. Besides, the aspect of the government having the power to initiate the rights is indeed a dangerous corollary, and the presence of such a government is bestowed with the general powers to withhold the rights of the people or destroy (Becker 20).
The correct position of the Founders was that all the people possess equity before the law and God. In context, God is indeed the grantor of all the human rights. A proper government is developed to enhance the protection and security of the rights that are given by God, and it does not become the primary source of oppression to the people. In the context of the body of the Declaration which was made and also the scope of the justification of the declaration continues to further enumerate the various tyrannical mistakes which were committed by the king.
In the year of 1787, with this kind of faith-based recognition of the initial source of rights, the eminent succinct definition of the mandate of the government, and the experience-based scope of understanding that the government ought to have some key powers if indeed the nation has to remain free, the Founding Father developed the Constitution of the United States. As mentioned above, Jefferson considered the Constitution to be a written document that will be binding in the scope of all those who held office within the country. In essence, they were so dangerous to the extent that they needed all who hold office in the United States to take the oath always to uphold, offer support, and sustain the Constitution of the United States.
According to Jefferson, the Founding Fathers of the United States clearly comprehended that, with time, to required necessity to rather modify the general constitution would in many cases likely to arise. As a result, they incorporated into the country’s constitution a given process, according to which the document could be appended when need be. The process of the amendment of the Constitution, as illustrated by Jefferson and Fink, involved could be defined in Article V of the entire Constitution (11). It was purposefully created and designed to be a deliberative process which would lower the chances that the given document would undergo a process of modification. Jefferson also asserted that the Constitution of the country was deemed to be sacredly obligatory to all the people until the time when it will undergo any form of changes based on an authentic act which covered all the people. The act, he claimed, might not be implemented through the fulfillment of the critical process of amendment as stipulated under the Article V on the Constitution of the United States. Any other endeavor to alter the constitution without basing on the right criteria will indeed be a usurpation (Jefferson and Fink 31).
As such, the scope of the mandates and the powers that the federal government was comprehended clearly to be limited to certain powers given, and no others. Jefferson further established that the powers which are delegated in the constitution which was proposed to the federal government are limited and categorically defined. The powers of the states which ought to remain in various state governments are numerous and also indefinite. The former in context will be exercised principally on various external objects which involve war, negotiation, peace, and foreign commerce; by so doing, the power of taxation will in many cases be connected. The powers which are reserved particularly for various states will extend to all the objects which, in the various ordinary course of matters, concerns the wider scope of lives, the various liberties and also the properties of the people, and in view the internal order and the general success of the country.
Thomas Jefferson defined the roles that the government ought to execute according to the way the Constitution of the United States stipulated. In essence, he highlights that the US government was established on limited grounds, in which the powers of such a country were granted within the scope of the Constitution. The core reason for the creation of the government by the founders was to enhance the security and the liberty of the rights of humanity which were ordained by God. As such, to further stray beyond the bounds which are stipulated in this great Charter of the Nation is to invite the tyranny further to further destroy such blessings.
Becker, Carl L. The Declaration of Independence: A Study in the History of Political Ideas. Harcourt, Brace, 1922.
Jefferson, Thomas, and Sam Fink. The Declaration of Independence. Scholastic Inc., 2002.