This section of the document is the first part and deal with elaborating what carbohydrates are, their practicable effects on an individual and what would occur in the event that an individual lacks carbohydrates. It succinctly describes the paper. From this [part, the reader can inform that the paper is about carbohydrates, as a matter of fact, the summary offers the outline of the rest of the paper. From the precis we learn that paper shall tackle the classification of carbohydrates, outline the biotechnical terms related to the sugars, define their nutritional values, delve into their metabolism and finally habits a SWOT analysis on carbohydrate nomenclature and intake.
List of Abbreviations
This is the part that comes after the summary/abstract of the paper. It gives a list of the used scientific symbols in the paper and elaborates on them. This is for the benefit of the reader.
The introduction starts by emphasizing the importance of food in the development of the individual alongside genetic and the environment. It refers to the various research that has been conducted recently that support this approach. The introduction goes ahead to give specific information regarding the contributions of carbohydrates to the diet, their sources, and their constituents. Essentially, the introduction seeks to give the layout of the paper so that the reader can follow through easily and be able to understand the content in an efficient manner.
Classification and Terminology of Carbohydrates
This section deals with delineating the carbohydrates in various groups as per certain scientific bodies such as the United Nations. It delineates them into polymers and monomers and also goes ahead to give the alternative classification by the United Nations of glycemic carbohydrates and dietary fiber. This section informs the reader of the categories that they are going to be dealing with in the paper. The generally mentioned categories are the Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides, the United Nations approach is used only rarely and in very specific circumstances. The terminology section seeks to define the concepts and terms such as sugars and starch.
Nutritional Value of Carbohydrates
This section deals with the various aspects of carbohydrates that make them end up on people’s tables often and form a significant nutritional part of their diet. Factors such as cost and high energy content are discussed as being the key factors in determining the high consumption rates of carbohydrates, as a matter of fact, carbohydrates contribute approximately 45-60% of the daily energy needs of an individual or at least should.
Metabolism of Carbon Hydrates
This section deals with the breakdown of carbohydrates into glucose, its storage, and maintenance of a constant blood sugar levels. The role of the liver is in regulating the sugar in the body is emphasized in terms of balancing between biosynthesis, oxidation, and storage of glucose depending on the nutritional and hormonal status of the cells, tissues and the entire organism. This section additionally demonstrates the importance of glucose to the body and its organs. For example, the brain is singled out as requiring a continuous supply of oxygen. Last but not least, this section proceeds to demonstrate how glucose is absorbed into the blood stream, under what circumstances and how various cells can be employed to ensure that the glucose level in the blood is constant such as GLUT isoforms.
Additionally, the processes of Glycolysis and glycolysis are elaborated and the entire process of energy from the carbohydrates is explained in details from Phosphorylation of glucose, Formation of fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate to Balance of glycolysis. While doing this analysis, glucogenesis is explored in detail which involves the obtaining glucose from non-glyceride precursors as well as its importance.
Sources of Mono and Disaccharide Food
This subsection details the various sources of monosaccharide and disaccharides such as Milk and dairy products, Fruits, horticultural products and honey, as well as Cereals and derived products. The section has detailed these sources and their percentage of carbohydrates so that the reader can have a clear understanding of what is required in terms of high concentration of carbohydrates intake. It is important that readers know this so that they can be well informed on how to select a balanced diet.
SWOT Analysis on Nomenclature, Composition of Sugar Foods and Ingestions
This is the second last part of the paper and looks at the Strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities that are characteristic of carbohydrates and their diets. The weakness lies in the lack of comprehensive data for each category of the carbohydrates while the threats lie in the fact that the lack of information is resulting in increased numbers of disorders such as obesity in children. The strengths are in the fact that scientific organizations have committed themselves to avail more information on the carbohydrates while the opportunity is in the form of the making of recommendations based on the findings of this new research and commitment from scientific organizations (Plaza-Díaz, Augustín, & Hernández, 2013).
This is the last part of the paper and is critical to the quality of the research. References lend credibility to the findings and give access to additional or supportive literature on the matter. The paper has employed several research sources which is a demonstration of the credibility of the research and the commitment of the researcher. Consultation and collaboration are key in scientific research.
This article is a strong and credible analysis of the topic of carbohydrates. It is well done and has detailed every aspect of the metabolism of carbohydrates. To add to its integrity and clarity, are the sources used. Every source is peer reviewed and most of them are from reputable journals and government departments such as United States Department of Agriculture. The outline of the paper is well done, it logically guides the reader from step to step thus enhancing the reader’s understanding of the entire paper (Arora, Mittal, & Pasari, 2017).
However, in my opinion, the paper has missed out on the conclusion, which is a weakness. The reader is welcomed by an introduction that sums up the paper well but is left hanging after the last chapter. This can interfere with the learning proves, the brain is wired to acknowledge a clearly indicated beginning and an ending that ties everything together. This structure helps in the learning process and making ideas set in the brain. I would add a conclusion to the paper that strongly summarizes the content and gives the readers a rallying statement he or she can live with. The paper does not clearly point the reader to a certain direction but simply gives him facts, however, the brain appreciates a stand that it can associate with especially in such matters concerning experts and laymen. However, the paper is well done and credible (Ormrod & Leedy , 2012).
Last but not least, the paper does not mention concrete experiments that have been conducted in this area, it only mentions the research that has been conducted and their results. I would mention specific methods that resulted in specific results and make solid recommendations to the writer that demonstrate confidence in my thesis.
Arora, A., Mittal, A., & Pasari, R. (2017, March 02). What makes a good researcher? Retrieved from stanford.edu: http://snap.stanford.edu/class/cs224w-2011/proj/anmittal_Finalwriteup_v1.pdf
Ormrod, J. E., & Leedy, P. D. (2012). Practical Research: Planning and Design. Upper Saddle River: Pearson; 10 edition.
Plaza-Díaz, J., Augustín, O. M., & Hernández, Á. G. (2013, July). Food as sources of mono and disaccharides: biochemical and metabolic aspects. Retrieved from isciii.es: http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0212-16112013001000002&lang=es