A hurricane, by definition, refers to any tropical or subtropical storm that occurs alongside winds above 74mph. Often, it can develop abruptly from small clusters of thunderstorms. As such, it is critically important for people to be ready at all times. Although there are several things individuals can do, the best way is to prepare beforehand.
It is imperative for one to prepare to be without power for an extended period. In the case of a nonviolent hurricane, electricity can be restored fast. However, in the event of a massive storm, the area can be left without power for days or weeks. Without electronics such as television and phone, it is often difficult to receive weather updates (Drakeford n.p.). Therefore, it is fundamental to have a generator to ensure there is electricity till the power returns. However, this should be kept away from the rain and rising water. At the same time, special attention should be given to proper ventilation to reduce risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.
It is also crucial to protect the property against the storm. If the house does not have permanent storm shutters, it is important to board up the windows with plywood. Further, majority of the storm damages emerges from high wind as it can rip or blow anything that is not well-secured (Drakeford n.p.). As such, it is important to attend to the landscape around the home making sure all trees and shrubs are trimmed to render them unable to cause damage to the property during a hurricane. The windows, doors, and roof should be retrofitted to protect them better. This should be done before the season begins.
Similarly, people need to prepare some water and food reserves if they are not evacuated from home. It is imperative to collect enough water and nonperishable food before the storm. There should be a gallon of water for each family member and canned food items as well as manual can openers in case of loss of power (Matison n.p.). When electricity goes out, things like refrigerators with cease working, and to survive, the people should have a well-stocked pantry of canned foods and bottled water sufficient for a minimum of three days. Provisions should be made for pets at home as well.
While all these steps are significantly essential for overhead preparation, it is also fundamental to have an evacuation plan, which should be followed when the report comes to do that. At some point, individuals may be forced to leave home, which calls for a need to have a strategy on how to evacuate and stick to it (Matison n.p.). Individuals should have their bags ready to go in case it comes to point where leaving cannot be avoided. The luggage should contain important items such as documents, prescriptions, water, foods, first aid kits and money as well as irreplaceable things like family heirlooms. In case the evacuation is to be made by using a vehicle, it is critical to ensure the tank is full of fuel.
Indeed, it is important to ensure prior preparation to survive a hurricane. As identified, people need to prepare to go without power for some time, stock up water and food, protect the property and put in place an evacuation plan. All these and other measure are critical to ensuring mitigation of a huge number of challenges that accompany the incidences.
Drakeford, Cortney. “How to Survive Hurricane Matthew: 5 Important Safety Tips to Make It Through.” International Business Times, 6 Oct. 2016. www.ibtimes.com/how-survive-hurricane-matthew-5-important-safety-tips-make-it-through-2427516
Mastison, Fred. “How to Survive and Prepare for a Hurricane.” Real World Survivor, 31 July 2015. www.realworldsurvivor.com/2015/07/31/how-to-survive-and-prepare-for-a-hurricane/