The occupational therapist guides the individuals through the process and facilitates full performance of day to day activities. After the amputation process is complete, the patients need to be independent in self-care activities (Godfrey 2019, p55)). An occupational therapist helps the amputees through training of skills for daily functioning and advice on adaptation and technologies. For example, after an occupation therapist intervention, the patient can use prosthetic components to walk independently.
Moreover, the occupational therapist identifies the patient’s needs and goals and then offers guidance to the rehabilitation team regarding quality prosthetic services. The information provided helps to improve the patients long-term physical and mental health outcomes (Dorsey & Bradshaw 2017, p11). The challenges in long-term and physical health come as a result of individuals stress due to their changed lifestyle.
According to Dorsey and Bradshaw (2017), many victims of lower limb amputation fail to adapt to the changes in their body; hence there is a need of an occupational therapist to help them to learn how to accept the situation. The occupational therapist helps individuals to adapt to the situation by addressing both the physical and psychosocial aspect of amputation. For instance, a victim of lower limb amputation may need a prosthetic appliance to replace the lost part of the leg. The occupational therapist has a role to play in helping the amputee to adapt to the prosthetic appliance in order to live a normal life like other people.
Individuals with transtibial amputation require prosthetic and orthotics services to ensure independence and social integration. Prosthetic and orthotics expert provides high-quality prosthetic services that help to elevate the confidence and safety of the user. Prosthetic services such as replacement of the lost lower limb require prosthetic professionals who ensure that individuals prescriptions of the prosthesis components are correct (Davie-Smith et al., 2017, p537-547). Factors such as amputation level, amputation etiology, and the amputee’s activities in daily life are put into consideration when prescribing prosthetic components hence prosthetics and orthotics experts are vital. The high-quality prosthetic and orthotics services help the amputees to be independence as well as mobile. The victims of amputation can move from one place to another with ease and without having to rely on peoples help. Additionally, prosthetic and orthotics services ensure socialization of the amputees with the community since they have access to prosthetic components that aids in mobility as well as the engagement of normal daily activities.
The specialist nurses have a significant role in ensuring quality care of the lower limb amputees. Assessment of amputated individuals is vital for prioritizing and providing safe nursing care. The nurses ensure a systematic assessment of such as laboratory tests to avoid post-operative complications after amputation. Patient and family education is also vital since they are sure of what to expect. The nurses prepare the family members as well as the patient psychologically on the outcome of the situation; hence it becomes easier for them to adapt to the situation. The nurses encourage the patient to request for help where needed which is a crucial pre-operative measure to prevent post-operative complications in the future (Limakatso et al., 2019, p17). Moreover, the amputation process is painful. Therefore, it is the nurse’s responsibility to offer pain management to the patient to avoid challenges to the recovery of the amputees.
The contribution of psychologists as a mental health professional towards the lower limb amputees is essential for recovery purposes. Amputation is an irreversible process that results in a permanent change in peoples’ bodies. Individuals who undergo amputation face psychological challenges that need immediate assistance to overcome(Vincent et al., 2015, p978-989). Many victims of lower limb amputation develop psychological distress, depression, and anxiety. According to the study, the prevalence of psychological challenges ranges from 32% to 84%. The psychologist has a role in reassuring the amputee and family members that the treatment will yield good results to coop with the anxiety. Psychological support concerning self-acceptance helps in adapting to limb loss. There is also a need for the amputee to join other amputees in order to reduce stress. The early psychological intervention significantly improves rehabilitation after amputation.
Limakatso, K., Bedwell, G.J., Madden, V.J., and Parker, R., 2019. The prevalence of phantom limb pain and associated risk factors in people with amputations: a systematic review protocol. Systematic reviews, 8(1), p.17.
Davie-Smith, F., Coulter, E., Kennon, B., Wyke, S. and Paul, L., 2017. Factors influencing the quality of life following lower limb amputation for peripheral arterial occlusive disease: A systematic review of the literature. Prosthetics and orthotics international, 41(6), pp.537-547.
Godfrey, M., Cornwell, P., Eames, S., Hodson, T., Thomas, T. and Gillen, A., 2019. Pre‐discharge home visits: A qualitative exploration of the experience of occupational therapists and multidisciplinary stakeholders. Australian occupational therapy journal.
Vincent, H.K., Horodyski, M., Vincent, K.R., Brisbane, S.T. and Sadasivan, K.K., 2015. Psychological distress after orthopedic trauma: prevalence in patients and implications for rehabilitation. PM&R, 7(9), pp.978-989.
Dorsey, J. and Bradshaw, M., 2017. Effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for lower-extremity musculoskeletal disorders: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71(1), p11.