Rising global temperatures have already impaired food production in the entire world. The situation has made the prices of commodities such as food to increase by 21% for the past years (Dubberstein et al 41). Reduction in crop productivity is never caused by erratic changes in rainfall changes. However, it also comes as result of higher temperatures, which brings about dehydration and averting pollination as well as retarded photosynthesis in plants. As indicated by Dubberstein et al (34), agriculture existing nowadays developed for about 12,000 years due to practically unchanging climate; however, such climatic system no longer exists.
Rising global temperatures initiate additional pressure on already unstable prices of commodities and trading. The overall consent is that in several areas, particularly those within tropics, productivity in agriculture shall increase food shortages. Furthermore, not only shall global temperatures rise possibly reduce the quantity of available land for agricultural production but there shall similarly be augmented competition for resources having other needs for development like infrastructure. Commodity and food prices have escalated. Additionally, they are anticipated to increase further as a result of unpredictability when it comes to quantity and quality of production attributable to the impacts of climate change.
The rise in global temperature influences crop yields leading to progressively adverse effects of the prices of commodities. It happens because consumers’ losses prevail over the benefits of producers. Free trade and global warming favor agricultural production in countries of higher latitudes. Thus, there would be low food supplies in areas of lower latitudes hence setting higher prices for the products. Even if policies on open trade which allow for snowballing flows in agricultural goods form better approach to adjust for the climatic impacts in future, some particular caveats are put into operation. Liberalization on trade could have essential effects on the environment due to escalating agricultural production in a location having a favorable temperature or climate for the growth of crops (Pathak et al 25). It leads to the emission of greenhouse gases, which lead to reduced crop production thus shortage in the country.
Temperature rise impacts on water productivity. The productivity of crop water is an essential index towards assessing water investments and saving for scientist and farmers. Temperature rise shall influence the availability of rainfall in a particular area. Reduction in precipitation leads to irrigation utilization to optimize crop production. In this case, the prices of irrigation tools would upsurge because multiple farmers shall be purchasing these commodities for production purposes. However, this might reduce productivity for crop water for that matter, and it shall be a more significant challenge to augment water productivity for the crops as the process would cost farmers significantly.
Temperature increase influence food quality due to the decreased period of crop growth. High temperatures in areas leading to the salinity of water which eventually stimulate evapotranspiration as well as available water within the region bringing about low production in agriculture (Ritchie, Hannah, David and Peter 47). Hence, there would low food production leading to higher prices of the available agricultural commodities. The idea is that to increase food productivity, and favorable temperature ought to be maintained.
In summary, rising global temperatures increase prices of food commodities. Global warming impacts on rainfall and temperature that bear a direct influence on the soil moisture status. The yield of crops is constrained in various regions leading to their fluctuation in prices. Therefore, favorable temperature for agricultural activities should be sustained for food security in the country.
Dubberstein, Danielly, et al. “Mitigation of the Negative Impact of Warming on the Coffee Crop: The Role of Increased Air [CO2] and Management Strategies.” Climate Resilient Agriculture-Strategies and Perspectives. InTech, 2018.
Pathak, Tapan B., et al. “Climate change trends and impacts on california agriculture: a detailed review.” Agronomy 8.3 (2018): 25.
Ritchie, Hannah, David S. Reay, and Peter Higgins. “The impact of global dietary guidelines on climate change.” Global Environmental Change 49 (2018): 46-55.