According to Arthritis Foundation, the true number of people suffering from arthritis is not known owing to the fact that nobody seek medication until the symptoms of the diseases are severe. According to doctors estimate based on diagnosed patients, 300000 children and 54 million adults are suffering from the disease. It is postulated that approximately 91 million Americans may be suffering from the disease with majority being women (Barbour et al., 2017). Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition resulting in chronic inflation of then joints (Baeten et al., 2014).
Symptomatology and Diagnosis
Symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis which occur throughout the body include the joint pain, swelling of joint, loss of the function of the joint and the stiffness of the joint. It is imperative not to ignore the symptoms since they vary from mild to severe.
The diagnosis may require many tests, but first, the practitioner needs to look at the symptoms of the patient which include looking at swellings and redness followed by testing of the reflexes and the strength of the muscles. To check for warmth and tenderness, the doctor is advised to touch the affected joints, with the suspicion of RA, the patent should be referred to a rheumatologist (Catrina et al., 2017). The rheumatologist should carry blood test to check on acute phase reactants and antibodies. Imaging tests such as x-ray and magnetic resonance imaging exams are also significant. It is also necessary to carry out complete evaluation and monitoring of other system’s organs.
Baeten, D., Sieper, J., Braun, J., Baraliakos, X., Dougados, M., Emery, P., … & Mpofu, S. (2015). Secukinumab, an interleukin-17A inhibitor, in ankylosing spondylitis. New England Journal of Medicine, 373(26), 2534-2548.
Barbour, K. E., Helmick, C. G., Boring, M., & Brady, T. J. (2017). Vital Signs: Prevalence of Doctor-Diagnosed Arthritis and Arthritis-Attributable Activity Limitation-United States, 2013-2015. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 66(9), 246-253. Retrieved from https://www.arthritis.org/Documents/Sections/About-Arthritis/arthritis-facts-stats-figures.pdf
Catrina, A. I., Svensson, C. I., Malmström, V., Schett, G., & Klareskog, L. (2017). Mechanisms leading from systemic autoimmunity to joint-specific disease in rheumatoid arthritis. Nature Reviews Rheumatology, 13(2), 79.