The green house gases are harmful to the environment. These gases cause global warming which changes the climate of a place. The change in climate has diverse effects on all things inhabiting the environment. Therefore, it is important to address the issue of green house gas emission (Darjee, 2010). Reducing food wastage is one of the measures that can be taken to give a solution to the problem
Problems associated with climate change
Climate change refers to change of weather patterns of a region over a long period. The change brings many problems to the environment. Below are some of the problems caused by climate change.
Climate change brings extreme weather conditions. The floods, frequency of heat waves, and drought can increase due to climate change. Some reports claim that the summer season in Europe has become increasingly hotter. Drought and floods as a result of climate change affect the vegetation and animals. The agricultural sector is therefore affected negatively. Plants will dry, and animals are likely to migrate from their habitats. This results into the scarcity of water and food to the human beings (Darjee, 2010).
Health problems can also be as a result of climate change. Water borne diseases caused by floods affect the human beings. Waterborne diseases include cholera and bilharzia. The agents of the diseases stay in dirty water after flooding of a certain area. Mosquito can breed in the flooding water and bring tropical diseases in some parts of the world. Research shows that there is increase of malaria infection in tropical continents such as Africa due to floods. In the places where the temperature becomes extreme high than normal, skin diseases can be experienced. Sun burns and skin cancer are common diseases caused by global warming. Global warming is a condition in which the UV rays from the sun penetrate through the earth. Change in climate cause depletion of the ozone layer which is responsible for prevention of UV rays from reaching the earth surface (Haugen, Musser & Lovelace, 2010).
Why reduction of food waste is effective
Research shows that the global food system is responsible for 30% of the green house gas emission. Agricultural food products are the target in this discussion. When they decompose after being disposed of, they emit harmful gas into the environment. The gases that result from the decomposition of the organic material are carbon (IV) oxide, nitrous oxide, and methane. They are green house gases and cause global warming.
We can deduce that food wastage is directly proportional to the emission of the green house gases. When the food wastage becomes high, the decomposition that results into the green house gases becomes high. Similarly, reduction of food wastage reduces the emission of the green house gases. Addressing the issue of food wastage reduces the green house gas emission. This helps to reduce global warming which impacts in the climate change. It is, therefore, an effective strategy of controlling the harmful gases.
Apart from conserving the environment, reducing food wastage has economic advantages. It is cost effective as people can save money by reducing wastage. Instead of purchasing excess food, it is economical when one buys enough and save money.
The solution is better than other measures because it has many advantages. The human-made green house gas emission mainly comes from food wastage. Thus, by controlling the wastage of food, the green house gas emission reduces by a higher percentage compared to other measures. It also has the economic advantages. People tend to save money by implementing the policy of food wastage reduction. The problem of food shortage will reduce by a significant percentage. Food wastage results into food shortage (Zia, 2008).
Another benefit that can result from the solution is environmental conservation. Most of the garbage and dirt in the environment are food products. Therefore, the environment will be clean when the issue of food wastage is addressed.
Minimizing food wastage has a positive effect on the health of human beings. This is because some health conditions are caused by dirty environment. Reducing food wastage implies reducing the amount of dirt in the environment. Therefore, such diseases that are caused by dirty conditions reduce (Zia, 2008).
Argument on the potential criticism
Reducing food wastage reduces the green house gas emission. The statement can be criticized by many people. Some people wonder the relationship between the food wastage and green house gas emission.
The green house gas comes from the decomposition of the organic food matter. People tend to assume that the organic matter has no negative effects on the environment. They consider only the nonbio-degradable substances such as plastics to be harmful to the environment. The decomposition of the organic products has good impacts on the soil. It makes the soil fertile and encourages the growth of vegetation. It can also be dangerous because of green house gas emission.
One of the strategies that can be put in place to control green house gas emission is reducing food wastage. From the discussion above, we can conclude that food wastage reduction has many advantages. It conserves environment, cost-effective and reduces green house gas emission. It has several other benefits alongside the listed advantages (Haugen, Musser & Lovelace, 2010). Therefore, people should learn to minimize food wastage because of the many advantages. Reducing food wastage has the economical, social, health and environmental benefits.
Darjee, K. (2010). Climate Change: Miserable Green House Gases. The Initiation, 2(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/init.v2i1.2535
Haugen, D., Musser, S., & Lovelace, K. (2010). Global warming. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.
Zia, A. (2008). An ambit-based activity model for evaluating green house gas emission reduction policies. [San Jose, Calif.]: [Mineta Transportation Institute].