Press Release on lead poisoning in candy (scenario)

The state health inspector on the 16th of May visited a center that distributes candy to many groceries while exercising the authority bestowed on him by the State. The brand inspected by the Inspector was the Yenny’s Chili Dulces which is a brand of candy which contains chili. Twenty-five samples were abstracted and also five 1- pound packages from numerous cases in the distribution center. Previously Yenny’s Chili Dulces had not been tested for the lead, but the inspector speculated that in the past it had been associated with having high lead levels. A quick action was required due to the adverse effects that Lead has for example, when its concentrations in the blood rise above a certain degree it could cause death.

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Background information

According to Ferrante pp. (165), Lead is a metal that when consumed it collects in the soft tissues of the body and bones. In children lead has antagonistic results like slow growth rate and other health problems. In 2006 the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) provided a guideline stating that when the levels of lead in candy are above 0.10 ppm, this could be from non-compliance with the ethics of manufacturing. Chili powder is the ingredient found in candy associated with the lead levels being high. Lead in candies can similarly be found in the wrappers as ink contained in the wrappers can leak to the candy. In the United States candy is imported and most of the States have programs in place where after being imported lead is tested in the candy. If the lead levels are found to be high legal action is taken.

Findings

Each bag containing candy in the laboratory had samples collected. An analytical sample acting as a representative was organized and an ICP-MS analysis was similarly conducted. An ICP-MS analysis (inclusively coupled plasma mass spectrometry) is a tool used to test for metals in our case lead with a very high degree of sensitivity (Hartel et al, pp.34). Metals are detected at concentrations less than one part per trillion. The sample was found to contain 0.18 ppm of lead which is greater than the legal levels required by the State and similarly larger than the limit set by FDA guidelines on the levels of lead to be in candy consumed by children. After laboratory detected lead in the candy, this had to be confirmed, and another test on the sample was carried out by another individual. On May 26 the state health inspector honored a call from the supervisor of the health center and collected the results from the samples.

Measures taken

The inspector visited the distribution center and told the manager of the center that the candy lead levels were against the law of the State and should therefore not be sold. Invoices accessed from the center showed that the candy had bought from importers. One peculiar thing about the candy that the center was in possession of was that the packaging bags didn’t have lots of numbers. The manager however assured the inspector that the cases of the bags had their inventory received on May fifth or at a later date as the center was out of stock. It was established that the candy was received from imposters.

The distribution center promised to order a recall of products that had been shipped after the 5th of May. This recalling was to be effected on two great retailers who made orders of two cases per week and four smaller stores who ordered one case of candy per week. The recall was also to be issued to other occasional customers like ice cream trucks. This was considered sufficient as all the candy clients of the distributor were from the same State as the distributor.

What is being done to restore normalcy

The State under the state health inspector is working hand in hand with the dealer to establish the origin of the lead-contaminated candy. After the source of the candy has been recognized the State can then immediately stop the importation of this candy. The safety of the citizens is paramount, and the state is working towards making this a reality. To put the current situation in order, the State has temporarily suspended all the deliveries by the distribution center. All other candy distributors will also be subjected to scrutiny to establish the lead levels of the candy that they are offering.

What individuals can do to help?

Owing to the current situation the public should temporarily be of help before the State finds a permanent solution to the problem. People are advised to restrain from purchasing the candy distributed by the Yenny’s Chili Dulces Company. Parents will make this request achievable by not personally buying this candy for their children, advising their children not to purchase it and explaining to the youngsters the effects of this candy (Hartel et al, pp.34).. A scholar once said that “if you do not test, you never really know” parents, therefore, should take their children to health centers for testing for the lead levels in their bodies for them to get an early assistance.

 

Work cited

Ferrante, Margherita. Health Effects of Metals and Related Substances in Drinking Water. London: IWA Publishing, 2014. Print.

Hartel, Richard W, and AnnaKate Hartel. Candy Bites: The Science of Sweets. , 2014. Internet resource.

Tulchinsky, Theodore H, and Elena Varavikova. The New Public Health. Amsterdam: Elsevier / Academic Press, 2009. Print.