Peace is the most sought-after but rarely found item. It refers to a state of tranquillity where one is free from disturbance, violence, or fear. Peace is the evolutionary challenge to humanity at this moment. Many countries around the world are trying to generate a solution to the global challenge of war. There are several pathways to peace by which the United States influences foreign affairs.
The first path to peace is education, whose ultimate goal is wisdom (Reiter 23). When we educate our people, they can make wiser decisions. Such individuals can critically analyze the issues that cause conflict between them. For instance, an educated person knows that if they choose war as a means of conflict resolution they will fight, and after the blood shade, they will sit down and negotiate. They can, therefore, skip war and violence and directly enter into a negotiation with his or her rival.
War, in many countries, is a result of poor leadership. Leadership as a part of peace is very crucial in aligning the subjects in the right direction. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. believed that only non-violent actions could bring peace and justice. In 1963, through his famous speech, ‘I have a dream,’ he could change the perception of Americans towards their differences in color, race, age, and background (Zalben 12). His major goal was transformation, and he achieved this through the right kind of leadership. Americans were able to transform and live peacefully with one another, black, white, and Indians.
The personal path to peace whose mission is to seek integrity is also important in the development of peace. Here, a person sits down and criticizes him or herself at a personal level. He or she irons out his mistakes, trying to do what is just to his fellows. Through what is right, integrity is achieved. The ultimate result of integrity is peace. Peace only comes after justice (Zalben 11). The activist’s path to peace tends to seek justice. Both human rights activists and green peace activists work hard all over the world to bring justice to every one of us. Hillary Clinton is one of the most famous activists. She has been fighting for human rights and against gender-based and racial-based discrimination for Blacks, Indians, and even Whites. Her quest for peace is obvious to everyone around the world (Reiter 22).
Living in harmony is very important for peace to exist. The creative part of peace seeks harmony. Through this path, one can creatively co-exist with other people. He or she learns to accept the ideas of others while at the same time arriving out his or her ideas without upsetting the other people (Reiter 26). By living in harmony and co-existence, there is no place for a war to exist in society. Therefore, as a result, peace is left to reign. In society, how we relate to one another is also part of another aspect that helps us to either attract peace or even war. Relationships’ path to peace has the main mission — seeking love among the members of society can lead each of us to peace. When we love one another and relate well, peace will just come out automatically with little effort (Zalben 17).
The greatest paths to peace are the global path. It unites all other paths to peace, and its major goal is to seek the community. The global path to peace teaches us to live in love, harmony, peace, and unity. When we embrace this path, we learn all humans are equal regardless of race, culture, religion, and origin, which helps to prevent hatred and discrimination. It eventually leads to peace among members of society. The United States has a role in building international order and peace among American citizens (Zalben 18). Many countries have benefitted from the investments that the United States of America has made in global security and prosperity (Reiter 27). The United States has also helped in the maintenance of peace between countries such as Iran, Iraq, Libya, and Vietnam, among others.
America’s global leadership must defend the aspects of the international system that work and adapts those that do not defend. It also has a role in the provision of a blueprint that will help in the maintenance of global order among all nations (Zalben 19). The United States also has a role in constructing a system of international institutions and security alliances that will provide a framework for advancing economic and political freedom in the years to come. Another role of the United States in the foreign affair is to support the governments trying to create enabling environments for the citizens for them to be united. This should not be in terms of grants and aid but in terms of moral support to the citizens.
In our quest for peace, we must, therefore, learn the right path that if we follow, will guide us into living in peace and harmony. Though, we should remember that every path to be taken towards peaceful cohesion has its challenges that we must face.
Reiter, Yitzhak. War, Peace and International Relations in Islam. Portland, Or: Sussex Academic Press, 2011. Print.
Zalben, Jane B. Paths to Peace: People Who Changed the World. New York: Dutton Children’s Books, 2006. Print