The development of the brain comprises a complex fusion of experimental factors and genetics, which shape the growing the mind. When exposed to different environmental events such as drugs, diet, stress or hormones, the brain can develop in varied ways. The ability of the mind to change its function and structure as a reaction to the current environmental diversity is termed as neuroplasticity (Lilienfeld et al., 2014). Neuroplasticity allows the brain to alter its capacity and accounts for the many levels of nervous system ranging from gene expression change to the behavioral change.
The brain’s primary function is the production of behavior. However, a response is not constant as humans learn and remember from their environment. From our surroundings and experiences, new thoughts and images are created, and thus we evolve and behave differently over time. Plastic changes are time, and area dependent. All these behaviors require alterations of the neural networks (Lilienfeld et al., 2014). The development of neural networks direct results in the behavioral and mental transformation. Therefore, for one’s behavior to change, they have to alter their brain. All these information are in support of the fact the mind can be virtually altered by every single experience the as explained by the course book.
Most of the experiences being highlighted by the article s are postnatal. To my surprise, I have learned that prenatal exposures can also alter the cerebral organization. Some experiences such as psychoactive drugs, exercise, and prenatal stress chronically change the cognitive and motor functions which could modify one’s brain organization (Lilienfeld et al., 2014). The effects are however specific with the kind of experiences. Neuronal plasticity also occurs with brain injury. After an early injury, children have a better outcome compared to adults. Neuronal plasticity thus changes significantly with age.
Lilienfeld, S., Lynn, S. J., Namy, L., Woolf, N., Jamieson, G., Marks, A., & Slaughter, V. (2014). Psychology: From inquiry to understanding (Vol. 2). Pearson Higher Education AU.