As a social issue, national pressure and the breakup of nations
Peace and instability are widely regarded as one of the main causes of empires and states collapsing across the world. As a result of the effects of these conflicts, people lose lives and money. These social problems emerge from or within neighboring states. Failure to monitor these concerns, according to precedent, results in much worse problems and difficulties than what these countries expected. Yugoslavia is no longer a state, having crumbled into rubles as a result of many shocks from both domestic and foreign sources, leading to its current state. This paper attempts to assess how certain elements can threaten the existence of states if appropriate steps and actions are not taken to prevent destruction in these states.
One of the most affected groups, when social justices are violated, are the civilians. The government should consider the impact of its actions against this group to avoid committing international illegalities or going against the international standards of humanity. Albanians were the most affected groups since they were forcefully pushed out of their localities.
The success of a state does not depend on the achievement of a leader but rather the nature of decisions made during their rule. Milosevic was a successful leader in his primary and secondary education. He succeeded in all areas as he developed his political skills while still in primary school (Mandelbaum 2). He published several political journals that surprised many of his teachers since none of his peers could argue with the same perspective. Well, this progress was inconsistent with the position of his family since they were among the most prominent families in Serbia. His father was also a hero of the World War II. His close family members were also prominent in the society. For instance, his uncle was an outspoken politician of the postwar period. Having this knowledge and the extensive studies in law, Milosevic still experienced one of the most challenging terms in his leadership.
The collapse of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia experienced a series of challenges that threatened its existence and the peace of the people in and around it. Some of this pressure originated from the citizens who were not happy with the current state of affairs and as a result demanded new changes through protests. In 1987, there was a rise in tension as more states continued to complain of mistreatments from the Albanian majority. At one time, Milosevic visited a state that was highly agitated by these challenges and decided to take their outcry to the streets (Djilas 81). When these protestors learned that Milosevic was in a building near them, they stormed the building out of the excitement. The Police began to beat them and pushing them away from the building. When he learned that protestors were being beaten, for this reason, he joined them and shouted, “No one has the right to beat you.” (Djilas 99). These are the simple words that made him famous and later allowed him to gain popularity across the nation of Serbia. At this point, he was serving all citizens equally until later when he started to separate them on an ethnic basis.
Yugoslavia was crumbling down by the time Milosevic was taking over the leadership of this country. The Yugoslavia federations were also in pieces since there were vast disagreements among the Serbia’s communists. They held different thoughts regarding their country. The pressure was mounting in other surrounding states. However, peace was restored in autonomous Kosovo state after Milosevic, and other socialists advocated for the restoration of this city were protests and demonstrating were beginning to spread in other states. At this time, Milosevic was serving as the link between people and the Serbian leadership since he was the most outspoken Serbian champion of their rights. He also formed links with other Serbians living outside the Serbian nation.
The collapse of Yugoslavia is termed as one of the most disorderly dissolutions witnessed in the history of nations. First, this breakaway was coupled with dynamics that disoriented the functions of government and the leadership of the country. Attention was wholly turned to Milosevic who was now passively involved in the leadership of the Serbian country. He delegated most his duties to militias who were then fighting in Croatia and Bosnia. Milosevic was trying to create a larger Serbia. However, he lost the international aid that he was receiving from other nations who thought that he was ruthless and his ideas were malicious and destructive (Gottlieb, Szasz and Barnett 34-5932-34-5932).
The pressure was shifting from the local citizens to international sources. Pressure from other nations and organizations were increasing in larger magnitudes. The UN was the first international body to impose sanctions on the Serbian nation. The interventions of this body were productive since after understanding that was reached in an air base in Ohio, peace began to return to Serbia as Milosevic attempted to regain his reputation. The international communities were alienating themselves from him since they considered Milosevic as the main cause of the crimes committed by the militias.
Effects of the social problems
Civilians are the most common victims of the social issues in a country. The American based organization claimed that the impact of the Yugoslavian war was destructive beyond its expectations damage that the country was expectations. Some of these effects were marked by a series of military success and the other political failures. At one time, the Chinese embassy in Serbia was a victim of these destructive fatal miscalculations. Civilians were killed in these attacks as the Milosevic government continued to fight other states in the name of “ethnic cleansing.” His army was evicting people from these regions and more so people of a certain ethnic composition.
Other international bodies such as NATO were also causing harm to civilians in an attempt to rescue people from the Milosevic poor decisions. NATO carried out several bombings as an attempt to lure these militias to stop their operations against the civilians. Most of these bombings took place in Kosovo where protests first were begun. Lives were lost from the military attacks and the NATO bombings. Civilians were also displaced from their homes in large numbers.
It is the role of international humanitarian bodies to protect the lives of civilians once they are risked by the actions of a state or any other external force. Clinton was the U.S president during these political shocks experienced in Serbia. He was at the forefront of protecting Albanians in Kosovar where they were evicted and some killed by the Serbian militias. These activities took place during the Cold War era when nations were engaging in various forms of cold war. Clinton devised a new method to fight these crimes by taking advantage of this cold war. NATO was one of the organizations that saved the lives of these people. Its actions were it action were praised by other humanitarian organizations since the Serbian government resisted other organizations that attempted to stop its progress.
The war against the Yugoslavia government was based on several effects of the war against humanity. First, the international community claimed that this government violated several human rights. Forced eviction and killers were among the worst crimes this government was accused of. The Serbian government treated Albanians in a way that was considered as against humanity and standards of quality life. Secondly, the misuse of the sovereign power by a state was considered as a first class violation of the normal prescription against the people. These international bodies argued that this government used its power to violate the role of government in protecting the lives of the people. Unfortunately, the Serbian government may go unpunished by the international law since NATO acted without informing the United Nations (Gottlieb, Szasz and Barnett 34-5932-34-5932).
I consider social crimes against humanity as the most dangerous and harmful to society. These crimes lead to deaths and forceful eviction of civilians. They are considered as crimes against humanity by the international law. They can lead to criminal actions against the perpetrators. Social crimes can be prevented if the right decisions are made at the right time. This prevents deaths and loss of economic standards of a country. Besides, social problems on ethnicity destroy the economic standards of a country.
Serbia was a peaceful country that was progressing just like other neighboring countries. However, poor leadership led to political failure and as a result social problems begun to ruin the progress made by the Milosevic rule. Notably, his mistakes did not only affect the social standards of the country but also the economic and political reputation of his leadership.
I consider this topic as important since it is a lesson to all other nations that poor leadership can destroy a nation despite its position in the world standards. Serbia was a functional nation until the rise of these unrests. Milosevic began to rule as a morally right leader but later begun to separate his people on an ethnic basis. Therefore, people should be vigilant to ensure that their leaders do not lure them to destroy their relationships with them.
Djilas, Aleksa. “A Profile of Slobodan Milosevic.” Foreign Affairs 72.3 (1993): 81. Web.
Gottlieb, Gidon, Paul C. Szasz, and Mike N. Barnett. “The Fragmentation of Yugoslavia: Nationalism in a Multinational State.” Choice Reviews Online 34.10 (2017): 34-5932-34-5932. Web.
Mandelbaum, Michael. “A Perfect Failure: NATO’s War against Yugoslavia.” Foreign Affairs 78.5 (1999): 2. Web.