Maryland Emergency Management Agency

Abstract

The Maryland Emergency Management Agency is based in Maryland state and it offers a wide array of emergency response and management activities. The agency has plans to deal with both natural and manmade disasters that are likely to happen within the state. The organization is tasked with coordinating the state, federal, and private resources to respond to emergencies. Some of its key functions include transportation, communication, rescue and recovery, and other functions. The agency’s plan is organized to resonate with the contemporary needs of populations with regard to emergencies.

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Maryland Emergency Management Agency

The Maryland Emergency Management Agency is an organization in the state of Maryland operating in conjunction with the Maryland Military Department. Emergencies of different kinds ranging from natural to manmade disasters are common and the availability of such an agency is fundamental to offer assistance services when the disaster breaks out (Johnson, 2005). The services of the organization range from saving lives to helping the affected people get stable. Generally, the agency coordinates state, federal, local and private resources throughout the state during times of a disaster and emergencies (Maryland Emergency Management Agency (MEMA), 2018). The agency has a well-established plan and specified activities it engages in and the essay aims at analyzing plan as well as the activities the organization involves during emergencies and disasters.

The central purpose of the organization’s management plan is to sketch an approach and specify the responsibilities aimed at minimizing the consequences of any emergency or disasters which necessitates the need for state assistance. The scope of the emergency plan for the Maryland Emergency Management Agency points out a broad organizational approach for all hazards that have the potential to cause major harm and for the majority of response situations (Hamner, 2015). The state of Maryland is at high risk of hazards which can easily precipitate into a disaster. Some of the hazards the agency is prepared to deal with include natural hazards such as drought, hurricanes, floods, as well as winter storms. The organization also has a plan to deal with technological emergencies such as pipeline raptures, transportation accidents, in addition to radiological contamination.

The Maryland Emergency Management Agency has a plan that outlines specific functions which are performed to help in the management of emergencies when they arise. One of the activities or functions executed by the organization during an emergency is offering transportation services. When a disaster has been experienced within the state, the agency is obligated to provide the necessary transport support activities to ensure that the relevant supplies get to the affected populations as well as evacuating them to safer places. Transportation is always through various means such as railways, road transportation, and air depending on the urgency of the situation. Potential operations concerning emergency response include providing resources or people to helping in traffic control, evacuation and relocation efforts, conducting a damage assessment, and transporting patients or injured people to the required destinations.

Communication is also a fundamental component of the agency’s emergency plan. Communication is always a major challenge during a disaster and the organization helps in coordinating the use of communications resources and services required to support all relevant activities engaged in during an emergency. Some of the assistance offered by the Maryland Emergency Management Agency include the provision of multiple communication channels that are reliable such as landline, cellular, modem, and radio assistance. The body is usually tasked with making sure that the relevant information gets to the right persons, for example, issuing emergency notification messages, and informing affected people about what they are supposed to do or expect.

The agency also offers sheltering facilities especially in situations where people’s residences have been destroyed by disasters. They give temporary shelters as a response to an emergency as well as helping in reconstructing the affected facilities through public works and engineering. The agency offers other services in response to various emergencies and they include; firefighting, search and rescue, provision of foods, law enforcement, health, and medical services, management of hazardous materials, and other services that help to manage an emergency. One of the most recent emergencies that the Maryland Emergency Management Agency engaged in is the hurricane disaster which led to the displacement of population and destruction of properties in some areas. The organization coordinated its activities through the emergency plan to support the affected individuals in different ways such as providing shelter and medical activities for people. Besides, the organization played a key role in issuing notifications concerning the approaching Hurricane Florence (Levin, 2018).

The Maryland Emergency Management Agency has always offered the necessary help which has helped to save lives during disasters and support the affected populations. The agency has a well-elaborated plan which specifies all the activities it intends to engage in during emergencies and how its functions should be executed. A positive aspect of the agency’s plan is that it is designed based on the potential emergencies or disasters that the state is exposed to and the plan covers all activities that might be needed when any of the most likely situations emerge. The functions are also divided into different departments which makes it easy to coordinate activities (“Maryland Emergency Management Agency (MEMA),” 2018). Besides, the activities and the plan are always updated depending on the changes in the society needs concerning emergencies and disasters. However, there is a need to focus more on mitigation activities rather than channeling most of the resources in response to emergencies. Most of the emergencies can be mitigated; nevertheless, the agency focuses mainly on responding to disasters rather than preventing them.

The Maryland Emergency Management Agency has been providing essential services to affected populations in response to disasters. The organization has elaborate plans to deal with emergencies of different natures ranging from natural to manmade. Some of the functions offered include transportation and communication in emergencies, sheltering people, medical services and other functions. It also coordinates all resources to facilitate the delivery of relevant services.

 

References

Hamner, M. (2015). Emergency Management and Disaster Response Utilizing Public-Private Partnerships. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Johnson, Z. P. (2005). Sea Level Rise Response Planning in the State of Maryland: Lessons Learned. Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2005. doi:10.1061/40774(176)66

Levin, A. (2018). Preparedness Helps MH Professionals Cope with Hurricane Florence. Psychiatric News53(22). doi:10.1176/appi.pn.2018.11b25

Maryland Emergency Management Agency (MEMA). (2018). Retrieved from https://mema.maryland.gov/Pages/default.aspx