Many Africans transported into America in the 17th century worked as slaves. The women, men, and children were stripped off their identities and names. The men were tortured, beaten, hanged and lynched by the white masters. The United States resolved to end slavery and made African slaves as American citizens. The segregation continued even after Africans recognition as they could not mix with white people in public places. The Africans could not attend white schools, transport, and hotels. They were not to be involved in leadership or participate in voting. The African-Americans in the southern states began the civil right movement to fight unjust laws against the Africans. Martin Luther King Jr. among other African-American leaders led the civil right movement in Birmingham Alabama.
Throughout history, the enigmatic idea that unjust laws is somehow not truly law and has resulted in serious public discourse and death to the citizens. The revolutionaries and civil disobedient has been fueled by the laws ‘higher’ to the laws of the state that are used as justification to disobedience to unjust civil order. Martin Luther king Junior was one of the greatest representatives of natural justice as expressed in the ‘Letter from Birmingham City Jail’. After the letter, there is always a vexing issue and endures in very civilized law breaker (Rawls and Kelly 143). It is hard to determine just and unjust laws. ‘How can we advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?’ (King 293). The answer to this question is that there are just and unjust laws. According to Luther King, the man makes just laws that are consistent with morals and law of God. That are unjust is code that is not consistent with the moral law. Kings arguments were in agreement with St. Thomas Aquinas that unjust codes do not have its roots in natural and eternal law (King 293).
During the civil rights movement, Birmingham was marred by protests and violence as the police tried to stop the peaceful demonstrations. The Live magazine photographer Charles Moore played an important role in capturing the events in Birmingham. I Fight Using My Camera Documentary indicates the civil movements’ events and atrocities carried out by white police offers against the protesters. The camera man enlightened the entire the nation about civil right movements in the 1950s and 60s. Moore began by capturing Martin Luther King Jr. in Montgomery Alabama in 1958 (Moore 1). Moore recorded the 1963 demonstrations and snapped police release dogs and used live bullets on demonstrators. Moore captured the events of the march from Selma to Montgomery or the famous ‘Bloody Sunday’ of 1965 (Moore 1). During this march, the white police beat a black man. Moore told the story of the civil rights using the photos and images.
Martin Luther King Junior wrote the ‘Letter from Birmingham Jail’ to address several clergymen who were criticizing his actions. The clergy protested against Southern Christiana Leadership Conference under the leadership of martin Luther King Jr. King informed the Clergy that he was disappointed by their criticism and wished to respond to their concerns. The clergy claimed that King was an ‘outsider’ who came to Birmingham to cause trouble. The SCLC headquarters were in Atlanta but had its operations throughout the south. It was time for the African-American to stand up and fight injustice and racist cause. Moore and Luther fought for the civil rights using two different methods but all meant to fight racial segregation.
Martin Luther King Junior Letter from Birmingham Jail. United States of America: The Trinity Forum Readings, 2012. Print.
Moore Charles I fight using my Camera. Retrieved from the web.