John Brown Message on Civil Rights Movement


With slavery banned by the order of the US government, a state was compelled so hard by the blacks, both slave and liberated, and white protestors. Its eradication could perhaps be arranged in order to establish the restrictions to liberations. Freedom from the top would perhaps travel as far as the interests of the overriding groups allowed. If carried the more by drive of war, the pomposity of a crusade, it could perhaps be forced back to its safer place. Therefore, ending slavery caused a reconstruction of state economics and politics; it was not a radical reconstruction, but a harmless one. This essay addresses John Brown’s warning using current issues and conditions.


In October in the year 1859, John Brown steered an army from their farmhouses in Maryland to capture the huge federal armory and arsenal at Ferry, where over a hundred thousand guns were being kept (Hopkins 179). Brown was a religious extremist who opposed a corrupt system of government. He activated the blazing fires of the Civil War, assisted in ending slavery in the United States and established the system for the civil rights movement. In the year 1859, John Brown pierced the United States over the problem of slavery (Hopkins 179). In the year 1959, in the center of the civil rights movement, the recollection of John Brown went on to stab the federal policy and caused fear in the federal agencies (Hopkins 179).

Peonage, a term, which is referred to as debt servitude or debt slavery, is a method whereby an employer compels an employee to compensate for a debt by working. Peonage was officially banned by the Congress in the year 1867 (Hopkins 179). Nevertheless, following reconstruction, a number of Southern black men were forced into peonage by means of various techniques, and the system was not absolutely removed up until the year 1940 (Hopkins 179).

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Police brutality is a serious issue in the United States, and the black people are being subjected to suffering. According to the recent study, Blacks and Native Americans are being brutally killed by the police at a rising rate in America. Approximately 215 blacks were killed this year, according to the statistics of the whole year, at a rate of 5.68 killings per million people. In March and February this year, there were serious cases of police brutality, with about a hundred black civilians being killed by the police. So far, police have killed three people in the month of November.

The main aim of the 14th Amendment was to make sure that the Civil Rights Act that was accepted into law in the year 1866 was maintained (Hopkins 179). Nevertheless, due to the implementation of the Amendment, the Supreme Court verdicts started putting limitations on the Equal Protection Clause. For instance, in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Court alleged that the states were in a position to sustain and acknowledge segregation provided that the amenities were formed for both whites and blacks. This outcome led to the creation of distinct, but equal principle that was believed to be enough for satisfying the 14th Amendment. In the year 1954, merely over 50 years later, the Plessy verdict was reversed during the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, leading to a conclusion to the state segregation declaration that it was not constitutional (Hopkins 180).

The issue of the Flint water crisis started in the year 2014, at a time when the city altered its water supply. As soon as this change occurred, residents of Flint, whose majority are blacks living in poverty, began raising concerns over the quality of the water. The state and the city officials ignored their complaints claiming that it was not a serious issue. By this time, pipes supplying water had corroded, and lead was leaking into the water. It was too late to reverse the extent of the damage.

The Reconstruction Acts together with the 15th Amendment acknowledged the rights of blacks to take part in the United States voting and democratic procedures. An editor by the name of Curtis and Cartoonist by the name of Nast noted the sarcasm used in the March 1870 issue of the Harper’s Weekly magazine that the initial black was elected to the United States (Hopkins 180). Curtis applauded the readers and told them to assist in breaking down the biasness that had remained against black people in the United States. In a similar issue of the magazine, a cartoon displayed states that declined the Amendment as flies that were only causing irritation, but not preventing the black man from voting. The face of the fly on the cartoon was that of Governor Hoffman. The endorsement of the 15th Amendment was reversed in the year 1869 following a success by the Democratic legislature in January in the year 1870 (Hopkins 180). New Jersey conquered the measure in February in the year 1870 and recognized it after one year as soon as it was part of the United States constitution. This Amendment was not endorsed until the year 1901 (Hopkins 180).


In conclusion, the abolition of slavery in America was the compelling force of protester John Brown. He believed that it would perhaps end up involving bloodshed to eradicate the slavery and other evils. Brown was not only right in claiming that if the whites were allowed to direct the freedom of the blacks, they would perhaps remain asking for that freedom for the coming 200 years since the issues discussed above, slavery and oppression are still evident until the present.


Work Cited

Hopkins, Brooke. “John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights.” American Literature, vol. 78, no. 1, 2006, pp. 179-80.