In the poem titled “theogony”, the gods can represent many different things. The poem explains the Greek myth about what the gods are capable of doing. It describes the different origins of the gods and what they represent. The gods, for instance, can be described as a representation of immortality, prosperity, and fertility. This paper will describe different things that the mythological gods represent with evidence derived from the theogony.
Immortality as a representation of gods
One of the things that the gods represent is immortality (Hesiod, 42). Hesiod describes the immortality of gods by praising their immortal tones (Hesiod, 44). He also uses hymn to commemorate the immortal gods who have the authority over men and Olympus. Some of the gods he praises include Gaia and Zeus, the latter being regarded as the father of the gods and the most powerful of all the Greek gods.
Hesiod explains how the Muses praise how limitless the father god is due to his mighty mind and the authority to command what should happen now and in the future. According to Hesiod (105), the gods are a race of holy immortals. The poem reveals that the immortal gods came from 3 sources. One, the immortal gods came from Starry Ouranos and Ge (Hesiod, 106). The second source was from the Night. Lastly, they also hailed from salty Pontos.
Fertility and Family
The gods are also depicted to represent fertility and family. They possess the ability to reproduce children both male and female. Zeus is a parent god who sired many gods and goddesses. He is described as “aegis-bearing god” who had a daughter a gray-eyed daughter named Athena (Hesiod, 13). Zeus had a wife who was known as Lady Hera who was also a goddess. Nevertheless, Athena emerged from Zeus without any sexual engagement with his wife, Lady Hera. Zeus also had Artemis and Phoebus Apollo (Hesiod, 14). He also had many other children whom he got with Mnemosyne. Zeus met Mnemosyne when he went to a place called Pieria and interacted with her as she protected the fields of Eleutheros (Hesiod, 54). The interaction between the two blossomed during the 9 nights that they stayed together. The relationship between the god and goddess ultimately led to the birth of 9 daughters (Hesiod, 60).
Apart from the daughters, Zeus also had sons. The author sheds light on one of the male children of Zeus (Hesiod, 316). The name of this child was Herakles and Hesiod explained how he was full of wrath that even resulted in the deaths of others. Other gods got children included Thaumas. Thaumas married Electra and they had Iris among other children (Hesiod, 267). Thus, these examples depict the romantic escapades of the different gods that resulted in an extended race of immortal gods.
Representation of Valor
The gods also symbolized courage. Hesiod (390) narrates an incidence in which the Olympian Lightener invites every immortal god to the high place of Olympus. After they were gathered at Olympus, they were told that whoever agrees to fight the Titans would not be dispossessed of their privileges or prerogatives. The act of confronting the powerful Titans could be interpreted as a sign of courage and would, therefore, be honored by Zeus. Conversely, the immortal gods who would fail to show up in the fight against the Titans would end up becoming dishonored since acts of cowardice were frowned upon among the immortal gods. Styx takes advantage of the opportunity and presents herself before the mighty Zeus together with her children. Consequently, her valor is recognized by Zeus, the most powerful god in Olympus and rewarded by being given countless gifts (Hesiod, 399).
Finally but not least, the gods are also symbolized as a source of prosperity and blessings. Hekate who was conceived by Asterie was rewarded by Zeus. She was provided with numerous glorious gifts as well as with a portion of the Gaia. Besides, she was also rewarded with unplowed sea from the powerful and gracious Zeus (Hesiod, 413). Finally, she also received honor from the other immortal gods who gave her part of the Starry Ournaos which became her province. Thus, she became the most honored god above all other immortal gods even though she was only-begotten.
Zeus also granted human beings their wishes through Hekate. In one of the instances, Hesiod explains how human beings especially men would be rewarded by Zeus through Hekate. If any of the men living in the earth would please Zeus by offering a sacrifice of beautiful human beings, Zeus would hear their prayers and Hekate would be called upon. Upon being impressed by the works of men, she would accept to deliver blessings and prosperity to human beings (Hesiod, 413). Hekate would also increase the herds, glory and all other things to those people she was pleased with (Hesiod, 445). As such, the immortal gods had the power to bless or to bring prosperity.
Hesiod, theogony. Michigan State University. Retrieved from: https://msu.edu/~tyrrell/theogon.pdf