Gun Control in the United States

Gun Control in the United States has been an urgent issue over the last decade. America has experienced an upsurge in gun violence, particularly with schools being targeted. Incidents of mass shootings in different states have become common, with many people losing their lives. Hence, the Obama administration began making steps towards gun control with a host of guidelines. However, these policies’ effect is yet to be realized, as Americans have rejected these regulations in favor of holding guns. Currently, efforts are being made to understand the perceptions of different groups on acquiring and possessing guns before coming up with suitable policies that favor the public. These policies will potentially reduce mass shootings and gun violence that have recently hit the social institutions hard.

Banks, Gina, et al. “Gun Violence and Substance Abuse.” Aggression and Violent Behavior, vol. 34, no. 1, 2017, pp. 113-116.

Due to increased public attention to the prevalence of gun violence and substance abuse, the authors took an initiative to explore the relationships between them. Substance abuse and gun violence are described as two different facets before their intersection is detailed (Banks et al. 114). The relationships discussed include shared antecedents, the effect of criminalization of drug use on gun violence, and the effect of intoxication on gun violence. Finally, the paper outlines the treatment and policy recommendations that need to be adopted by various state governments to curb this public health concern. Various authors with backgrounds in public health have developed the article. Furthermore, their statements are based on facts retrieved from credible primary and secondary sources.

Carter, Gregg L. Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law. ABC-CLIO, 2012.

The current edition addresses gun issues, including gun rights, legislation, rate of violence, regulations, public opinion about guns, hunters and collectors, anti-gun organizations. The book is resourceful as it integrates opinions by contributions from law, medicine, criminology, social science, politics, and history. It is useful as it gives policymakers, journalists, researchers, and students a foundation for conducting their research and helps families, voters, and potential gun owners decide.

Eargle, Lisa A., and Ashraf Esmail. Gun Violence in American Society: Crime, Justice and Public Policy. UPA, 2015.

The book provides an in-depth and multidisciplinary investigation into a major political and health concern, including destruction, injury, and death caused by the use of firearms. Contributors utilize various methodological, theoretical, and data analysis frameworks to determine issues related to gun violence. Exploring how gun violence is created and perpetuated is done and its impacts on social groups, social institutions, and communities. The book aims to understand the origin of gun violence and the appropriate policies that can be enacted to reduce the incidences of gun violence.

Fleming, Anthony K. Gun Policy in the United States and Canada: The Impact of Mass Murders and Assassinations on Gun Control. Continuum, 2012.

Anthony Fleming reflects that the Virginia Tech shooting of 2007 was one of the worst massacres in the US which did not lead to the enactment of any gun policy (2). In contrast, a similar shooting in Montreal, Canada, in 1989, led to a comprehensive gun policy’s immediate enactment (Fleming 10). The book focuses on such different results and explores the process of making policies related to gun violence both in Canada and the US Several factors that led to different reactions are examined in the aftermath of an assassination or mass shooting. The book examines groups of interests, parties in power, institutional arrangements, and key events, such as the assassination of Martin Luther King, J.F. Kennedy, and shootings in Columbine, Vernon, and Stockton.

Anthony Fleming is a teacher in American Government courses, which puts him in an excellent position to address the gun law issue. The author’s claims are backed by real events that occurred and sources from recognized authors. The book is essential to any person researching gun policy issues in America and Canada. Besides, the book is useful for any comparative policymaking issues.

Johnson, Nicholas. Negroes and the Gun: The Black Tradition of Arms. Prometheus Books, 2014.

The book presents examples of African men and women’s willingness to use firearms to defend their communities and families. According to the author, owning a firearm among blacks is commonplace since the days of slave catchers and blacks against the Ku Klux Klan (Johnson 14). The book further addresses the problem of young black people possessing guns and the effects of gun violence on small cities around the US (Johnson 134). Furthermore, the author outlines the diversity of views regarding gun ownership, which makes it complicated to solve violence among blacks.

The well-researched book is informative and steps away from the common assumptions of guns and the black freedom struggle. It can be used to give an insight into why black people always keep firearms and are always ready to fire when their families or communities are in danger.

Kopel, David B. The Truth About Gun Control. Encounter Books, 2013.

David Kopel explains why American identity is determined by the right to keep and bear arms, and why Americans have always been against policies on gun control (10). The American Revolution was triggered by the British attempts to take away guns (Kopel 100). The aftermath of the Civil War saw America change the constitution to defeat the Ku Klux Klan, the first gun-control organization.

The author further mentions the American Civil War and Hitler’s regime (Kopel 152). Reliable information based on historical events is connected to the situation at hand in America. The book gives a background knowledge of why gun law has been so turbulent in America and why it is difficult to find a formula to control guns without aggrieving most Americans.

Metzl, Jonathan M. and Kenneth T. MacLeish. “Mental Illness, Mass Shootings, And The Politics of American Firearms.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 105, no. 2, 2015, pp. 240-249.

The authors focus on the assumptions that arise soon after a mass shooting has occurred in the U.S. First, it is often assumed that mental illness is the major cause of gun violence (Metzl and MacLeish 241). Secondly, it is believed that psychiatric diagnosis can be used in the prediction of gun violence (Metzl and MacLeish 241). Third, it is assumed that gun control cannot prevent mass shootings and that shooting is an act of mentally ill loners (Metzl and MacLeish 244). The assumptions help in understanding the reasons for gun violence in the United States. For example, the majority of mass shooters have been diagnosed with different mental illnesses.

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Street, Christopher. Gun Control: Guns in America, The Full Debate, More Guns Less Problems? No Guns, No Problems?. Create Space Independent Publishing Platform, 2016.

The people of the United States love guns because guns are considered a source of providing since the country supplies its citizens with the freedom to liberty and preserve lives. For other people, owning a gun is a source of a shame since the most powerful nation in the world does not have sufficient gun laws to prevent killings that have become rampant (Street 15). The book engages and gives insights into the world of guns and rules on guns. The book reveals that the possession of guns stops over 2.5 million crimes a year (Street 5). Moreover, the author reveals that people are more likely to kill themselves and their children with a gun than a criminal (Street 45). Whether a democrat or republican, the USA gun homicide rate not only beats American competition but obliterates it. Questions such as how can gun crime be reduced to stop shootings in schools are asked. Are policies introduced by the Obama administration meant to keep the US safer? Or are they meant to take away guns bullet by bullet? All these questions are answered in the book.

The book was published in 2016 and documents up to date data on the ground about the current status of gun laws in the US. The author’s books have been used in various institutions, particularly due to the quality of research and peer-reviewed sources. This writing is useful in discussing whether gun law in the US will achieve its intended targets. Both the positive and negative sides of the policies are explored, and a way forward presented.

Webster, Daniel W, and Jon S. Vernick. Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

The book brings together experts in gun policy and violence in the United States and other nations to summarize relevant research and the implications to citizens and policymakers. Legal experts discuss recommended policies, and researchers present data aimed at reducing gun violence. New and existing gun policies are examined to show the weaknesses of the current gun policies and the effectiveness of different state laws to reduce guns in the hands of high-risk groups. Contributors support enhanced regulation and background checks to sell guns in private, purchaser licensing, and oversight of licensed dealers.

The book is written based on a meeting at John Hopkins University by legal scholars from different countries. Data on the US gun law collected is empirical and reliable done by legal experts. The recommendations are based on legal and scientific analysis, and case studies in Scotland, Brazil, and Australia are further used to enforce the works. The book is influential in examining gun laws in the United States and developing recommendations on effective gun policies to reduce shootings.

Younge, Gary. Another Day in the Death of America: A Chronicle of Ten Short Lives. Bold Type Books, 2016.

According to the book, an average in America seven young people aged between nineteen and below are shot dead (Younge 22). Younge tells stories of lives lost in American streets. The author chooses November 23, 2013 and gives two examples: one child is shot by gang members and another shot by an enemy gang (Younge 14). The author further argues that gun violence that people have come to see as normal is unacceptable (Younge 69). The book reflects on the status of American families and how gun violence affects a community and society as a whole.

 

Works Cited

Banks, Gina, et al. “Gun Violence and Substance Abuse.” Aggression and Violent Behavior, vol. 34, no. 1, 2017, pp. 113-116.

Carter, Gregg L. Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law. ABC-CLIO, 2012.

Eargle, Lisa A., and Ashraf Esmail. Gun Violence in American Society: Crime, Justice and Public Policy. UPA, 2015.

Fleming, Anthony K. Gun Policy in the United States and Canada: The Impact of Mass Murders and Assassinations on Gun Control. Continuum, 2012.

Johnson, Nicholas. Negroes and the Gun: The Black Tradition of Arms. Prometheus Books, 2014.

Kopel, David B. The Truth About Gun Control. Encounter Books, 2013.

Metzl, Jonathan M. and Kenneth T. MacLeish. “Mental Illness, Mass Shootings, And The Politics of American Firearms.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 105, no. 2, 2015, pp. 240-249.

Street, Christopher. Gun Control: Guns in America, The Full Debate, More Guns Less Problems? No Guns, No Problems?. Create Space Independent Publishing Platform, 2016.

Webster, Daniel W, and Jon S. Vernick. Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

Younge, Gary. Another Day in the Death of America: A Chronicle of Ten Short Lives. Bold Type Books, 2016.