Effects of Peace and War on Foreign Aid

The country I have selected for this discussion is Kenya. Currently, Kenya is facing violence after the disputed election of August this year and the repeated polls on this month, in which one of the key competitors withdraw, resulting in mass actions by the citizens. Peace is essential for every country; on the other hand, war can result in many problems (Miller, 2007).

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Peace facilitates the distribution of the foreign aid in the country. Some of the Kenyans living in dry areas are frequently facing hunger. Most of these people rely on the food, clothing and medical supply by the foreign aid such as the Red Cross (Heald & Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 2011). Therefore, the existence of peace makes it easier for the donors to access those areas. On the other hand, the presence of war makes it difficult for the foreign aid to supply the necessities for communities, thereby, resulting in massive deaths due to hunger and diseases (Singer & Hodge, 2010).

The leadership of the country is providing security to accompany the foreign donors to the communities in war zones. For instance, most of the communities faced by the hunger are the farmers; the war in these communities is caused by the cattle rustling (Lahiri, 2007). Therefore, the foreign agencies moving to these areas need enough security, which is provided by the government leadership.

The extension of the foreign aid has minimized the cases of war and poverty. The supply of food and the medication to the warring communities has decreased the cases of cattle rustling usually carried out to meet the basic needs of the perpetrators (Mũngai et al., 2010).

 

References

Heald, S., & Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. (2011). Law and war in rural Kenya. Royal Anthropological Institute.

Lahiri, S. (2007). Theory and practice of foreign aid. Elsevier.

Miller, D. E. (2007). Seeking peace in Africa: Stories from African peacemakers. Cascadia Pub. House.

Mũngai, M, Gona, G. M., Goethe-Institut (Nairobi, Kenya), Ford Foundation, & Twaweza Communications. (2010). (Re)membering Kenya: Vol 1. Twaweza Communications.

Singer, M., & Hodge, G. D. (2010). The war machine and global health: A critical medical anthropological examination of the human costs of armed conflict and the international violence industry. AltaMira Press.