Eating Disorders: Bulimia and Anorexia Nervosa
Patients requiring medical attention may be suffering from many disorders ranging from personality disorders, psychological disorders or emotional disorders among others. Different diseases affect different parts of the body necessitating medical care. Bulimia and Anorexia Nervosa are examples of psychological disorders that affect the feeding habits of the patients. Anorexia leads to loss of appetite from the fear of gaining weight by the patients. Therefore, the patients live under hunger denial leading to loss of weight. Bulimia is also an emotional disorder where patients consume food in massive quantities. However, the fear of gaining weight prompts the patients to force the food out of the body through induced vomiting, use of laxatives or prolonged exercise. Bulimia and Anorexia Nervosa are emotional disorders whose primary characteristics are the loss of weight.
Anorexia Nervosa affects the patients emotionally by making them fear to add weight. The patients result into consuming low amounts of food limiting the amount of nutrients supplied to the body. The low amount of food material to the body leads to massive loss of weight which is the primary symptom of Anorexia Nervosa. The emotional disorder makes the patients lack self-esteem. Due to the continued fear of gaining weight, most patients avoid eating while others eat and induce vomiting to get rid of the food. The fear of gaining weight makes some of the patients avoid specific types of food that they perceive as possible sources of weight. Patients live in denial of hunger and mental anxiety towards gaining weight. The feeding habits of patients with Anorexia are inefficient due to inconsistency in the intake of food (Racine & Wildes, 2013, p. 713-718).
Patients suffering from Bulimia experience weight variations. The changes arise from massive consumption of food by the patients who vomit the food later causing the change. Bulimia patients have broken blood vessels in the eyes from the induced vomiting. The broken vessels result in red eyes for the patients. Apart from the eyes, the emotional disorder causes the glands on the sides of the neck and those along the lower side of the jaw line to enlarge forming uneven jaw lines. On the inside of the mouth, the patients have lacerations on the lining of the mouth and the neck due to constant vomiting. Persistent vomiting leads to high rates of dehydration leading to accumulation of gastric reflux causing peptic ulcers. The self-esteem of patients with Bulimia is low due to inability to control their feeding which makes them emotionally weak (Accurso et al., 2016, p. 178). Bulimia patients live in secrecy especially on feeding habits making it hard for people to understand their predicament. Continued electrolytic imbalance from constant vomiting may lead to cardiac arrest making Bulimia a dangerous condition.
Emotional disorders are more common in females as compared to men. Women tend to pay more attention to the appearance of their bodies making their weight a huge concern (Griffiths et al., 2014, p. 189-195). The attention to appearance sets in at puberty for the female gender. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia are a leading cause of death in mental institutions as they lead to starvation as a result of nutrients deficiency on the bodies. The people living with emotional disorder suffer in silence due to the fear of harsh judgment by the society. From the secrecy, the condition deteriorates the health of the patients to dangerous levels. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia require corrective feeding habits to rectify the situation as well as psychological assistance.
Accurso, E. C., Wonderlich, S. A., Crosby, R. D., Smith, T. L., Klein, M. H., Mitchell, J. E., … & Peterson, C. B. (2016). Predictors and moderators of treatment outcome in a randomized clinical trial for adults with symptoms of bulimia nervosa. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 84(2), 178.
Griffiths, S., Mond, J. M., Murray, S. B., & Touyz, S. (2014). Young peoples’ stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs about anorexia nervosa and muscle dysmorphia. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 47(2), 189-195.
Racine, S. E., & Wildes, J. E. (2013). Emotion dysregulation and symptoms of anorexia nervosa: The unique roles of lack of emotional awareness and impulse control difficulties when upset. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 46(7), 713-720.