Dysentery, a Digestive System Disease

The digestive system of a human involves many organs that work together to ensure the conversion of food into necessary nutrients the body requires while it eliminates waste materials. Many diseases and disorders are likely to affect this system (Company, 2005)

Among the known digestive system diseases is dysentery characterized by loss of body weight, headache, dehydration, fatigue, and vomiting. Dysentery is diarrhea, which involves blood stains, mucous, and or pus accompanied by abdominal ache.  Bacterial infections majorly cause the disease. The bacteria include Salmonella, Campylobacter, Shigella whose frequencies depend on various regions of the globe; for example, Latin America experiences Shigellosis while Campylobacter has dominated Southeast Asia. Dysentery appears in two forms, amoebic and bacillary. A micro-parasite existing in the bowel causes amoebic dysentery. The second type, bacillary, is due to the invasion of bacteria. Research has established that poor hygiene increases the chances of attracting the disease because such environments enable the bacteria to spread into food and water.

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Treatment of dysentery is by the admission of various antibiotics like ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin. Prevention of the disease involves frequent consultations to a medical expert when one experiences prolonged diarrhea and taking antibiotics when moving to unfamiliar environs. Ensuring the careful personal health, for example, eating hot food, using sanitizers, etc, is also advised for prevention.

In summary, dysentery is one such digestive disease that can be controlled through human behavior and is also treatable. According to 2017 ICD-10-PCS A03.9 code for the diagnosis of dysentery in the United States, dysentery is caused by Shigellosis bacteria and a further grouping of the disease is according to its infectious species and syndrome severity.

 

Reference

Company, A. C. (2005). Digestive system diseases: lenticular chart. Place of publication not        identified: Wolters Kluwer Health.