Diabetes is a condition associated with the level of blood glucose level and the insulin hormone produced by the pancreas. The main types are Diabetes type 1 and 2. When the pancreas is not able to produce insulin to regulate blood glucose, the patient has Diabetes type 2. Besides, the pancreas may produce insulin, but the cells of the patient’s body fail to respond to the insulin, leading to the development of Diabetes type 2 condition. In most cases, Diabetes type 2 condition is associated with patients who are older than 40 years of age. Also, the disease is associated with obesity. The research paper will focus on Diabetes type 2 condition, evaluating the existing methods that have been used in its management. The primary reason for choosing Diabetes type 2 as a topic of research is because it is a lifelong health condition, and currently, millions are ailing from the disease globally.
There are both negative and positive controversies surrounding Diabetes type 2 condition that has been advanced. One of the debate developed is that smoking worsens the diabetic condition in patients with diabetes type 2. A study carried by Chau et al. (2015) showed that most patients who had Diabetes type 2 and were smokers, quitted smoking due to advice from either healthcare providers or their family members. There is no direct connection between smoking and the level of blood glucose in the body; hence smoking cannot be categorized as contributing to the worsening of the Diabetes type 2 condition (Chau et al., 2015). A patient’s lifestyle is another source of controversy since some studies fail to recognize the function of a changed lifestyle in the management of diabetes type 2 condition. The lifestyle lived by a patient with Diabetes type 2 matters a lot in managing the condition. Research carried out by Følling et al. (2016) revealed that the availability of lifestyle intervention programs for Diabetes type 2 patients dramatically increases the chances of stabilizing the condition. Having an active lifestyle for patients with diabetes type 2 can help them manage the level of glucose in the blood and, therefore, help in the management of the health condition (Følling et al., 2016). Also, the issue of power dynamics and levels of trust amongst the health practitioners contributes to managing diabetes type 2 condition in healthcare facilities. Sometimes the level of trust between the patient and the healthcare provider is minimal, which hinders the implementation of management programs for Diabetes type 2 condition. McDonald, Jayasuriya, and Harris (2012) found out that healthcare professionals experience a shift in roles and function limits that affect their dispensation of services in managing health conditions such as Diabetes type 2 (McDonald, Jayasuriya, & Harris, 2012).
Overweight and obesity conditions are considerably linked with diabetes, where people with a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater or equal to 40 have a 95 percent confidence interval (CI) of being diagnosed with diabetes. Lifestyle intervention programs have been found to reduce the risk of developing Diabetes type 2 by 58 percent (Sylvia & Hu, 2016). Glycemic control has been recommended for the management of diabetes type 2 through weight loss. However, the method may be ineffective due to problems linked to diabetes, such as neuropathy.
Diabetes type 2 is a health condition surrounded by numerous controversies, but proper medication plans and lifestyle intervention programs are critical in managing the disease.
Chau, T. K., Fong, D. T., Chan, S. C., Wong, J. H., Li, W. C., Tan, K. B., & Lam, T. H. (2015). Misconceptions about smoking in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A Qualitative Analysis, 2545-2553. doi:10.1111/jocn.12854
Følling, I. S., Solbjør, M., Midthjeli, K., Kulseng, B., & Helvik, A. (2016). Exploring lifestyle and risk in preventing type 2 diabetes. A Nested Qualitative Study of Older Participants in a Lifestyle Intervention Program (VEND-RISK)(161-9). doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3559-y
McDonald, J., Jayasuriya, R., & Harris, M. F. (2012). The influence of power dynamics and trust on multidisciplinary collaboration. A Qualitative Case Study of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, 11. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/12/63.
Sylvia, H. L., & Hu, F. B. (2016). Contributors of the nurse’s health studies to uncovering risk factors for type 2 diabetes: Diet, lifestyle, biomarkers, and genetics. American Journal of Public Health, 106(9), 1624-1630.