People break forests to create space for urbanization and housing. Other reasons for slicing down the vegetation include harvesting timber for fuel, furniture, and paper manufacture. Also, bushes are cut down to allow cattle ranching and generate substances (highly prized) such as oil from a palm tree. Deforestation constitutes the permanent destruction of vegetation for the purposes above, often through clear cutting or burning trees. However, none of the above motives is justified, and human beings are called upon to take care of the environment.
Deforestation has adverse consequences on human population and is a major contributor to local weather change. The practice is associated with greenhouse gasses such as water vapor and carbon dioxide – deforestation contributes significantly to the percentage of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere while lessening the stored carbon dioxide (Campbell 129). Many areas experience the adverse effects such as loss of species, soil erosion, and poor life quality among others due to deforestation. Among the regions suffering most from the effects mentioned above include Sumatra, New Guinea, Greater Mekong, Eastern Australia, Eastern Africa, Congo Basin, Choco-Darien, Cerrado, Borneo, Atlantic Forest, and Amazon (Schwartz 1). NASA projects that if the current situations in different countries are not handled correctly, most of the world’s rainforests are likely to be affected – much of the forest lands will be lost resulting in limited indigenous forests.
Deforestation calls for the human population to remain extra careful in handling the vegetation. Therefore, it is crucial to protect or conserve our environment to prevent further deforestation. One of the most efficient solutions is reforestation. Reforestation involves the replanting of trees in an area to help rebuild destroyed wildlife habitats, restore ecosystem services such as water cycling, and reduce the amount of carbon dioxide. Also important is awareness creation through the use of satellite technology, crowd sourcing, and open data to alert people of deforestation.
Campbell, Patricia J, Aran MacKinnon, and Christy R. Stevens. An Introduction to Global Studies. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2011. Print.
Schwartz, Jill. 11 of the World’s Most Threatened Forests. Washington, DC: World Wildlife Fund, April 27, 2015. Web. Accessed on March 24, 2017.