Global warming entails a steady increase in the average temperature of the atmosphere and oceans of the Earth. Such a change is believed to progressively affect the Earth’s climate. There are different myths that the world has been forced to believe when it comes to the issues surrounding global warming. While some individuals strive to demystify its existence, others try to undo the existing data about its causes and effects in different parts of the world.
The increase in activities such as land clearing, burning of fossil fuels, agriculture, and other human activities have led to the emission of greenhouse gasses and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, constituting the primary cause of global warming. In the next century, the average rate of global warming is predicted to be between 1.4 and 5.8 °C (Climate Nexus, 2016). These are scientific realities and not myths.
The myths surrounding global warming characterize false and deplorable assertions of global warming pessimists or opponents. The first myth is the claim that global warming has stopped. The argument about such a pause is based on the occurrence of El Nino in 1998. Nevertheless, it fails to look into the gradual increase in global warming and ignores how natural phenomena such as La Niña and El Niño influence surface temperature, as well as the importance of oceans as heat sinks. 2014 through 2016 were the hottest years and nine of among the hottest years have taken place during the 21st century (Climate Nexus, 2016). Therefore, the pause in global warming is just a myth.
Another peddled false about global warming is the belief that climate change is a natural phenomenon. While it is true that climate change undergoes variations, it is false to certify that human forces are not behind such changeі. The recent climate change happened because of human activities as aforementioned, as well as increases in industrialization leading to the emission of carbon dioxide. As such, greenhouse gasses play a bigger role in global warming than natural forces, which is evident from the warming of oceans, lower atmosphere, and the cooling of the upper atmosphere. Besides, the belief that Carbon dioxide is good for the plants is a false assertion since its increase has led to the shortage in water supply, drought, and weather extremes, which have threatened the production of food and livestock (Cox et al., 2000).
The climate change models are wrong since they have predicted too much warming, another myth that people need to reject. A Chinese publication outlines that the models are exaggerated and should, therefore, be dismissed (Monckton et al., 2015). Other myths include the belief that scientists are corrupt (Climate Nexus, 2016). In short, global warming is real; therefore, each country should take the necessary steps towards controlling the emission of green gasses and carbon dioxide.
Climate Nexus (2016). Debunking the top 10 climate change myths. http://climatenexus.org/messaging-communication/basics/debunking-top-10-climate-change-myths.
Cox, P. M., Betts, R. A., Jones, C. D., Spall, S. A., & Totterdell, I. J. (2000). Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model. Nature, 408(6809), 184-187.
Monckton, C., Soon, W. W. H., Legates, D. R., & Briggs, W. M. (2015). Why models run hot: Results from an irreducibly simple climate model. Science Bulletin, 60(1), 122-135.