Counselling is a talking therapy similar to an interview but under confidential grounds allowing a person to express his/her problems in a dependable and confidential environment. A counsellor listens to your problems in empathy by putting him/herself in the patient’s situation then giving possible solutions to expressed problems. A counsellor’s aim is to help the patient deal with emotional instability through advises and encouragements (Nelson, 2015).
Historical Changes That Influenced Cultural Counselling
Cultural counselling is the type of counselling that takes into consideration the norms and cultural practices within a race, ethnic backgrounds or traditions within a group. For effective counselling, counsellors are supposed to understand client cultures so that advices given may be in line with client cultures and tradition (Leroy & Manning, 2016).
Historically, cultural counselling was majorly impacted by the industrial revolution where people moved into new countries with different cultures hence for effective counselling counsellor’s had to familiarize with the diverse cultures that were growing in their regions (Leroy & Manning, 2016).
The need for cultural counsellors continue to grow globally with the rise in migration rates as aliens in foreign countries will need counselling from counsellors who fully understand the compatibility of their advices with client cultures (Leroy & Manning, 2016).
World View Changes and Impacts to Counselling
Culture defines the ways and beliefs that people in a given community should adhere to. It also involves the ways and expressions that people should employ in communicating with each other and defies social norms of community settings. Counsellors need to be conversant with patient cultures to give that are best compatible advice within their cultures (Leroy & Manning, 2016).
With the fading of cultural practices and ideologies in the current society, cultural practices are expected to be extinct in the near future hence counsellors will have an easy time in future as they only need to grasp general counselling concepts without having to learn on the diverse regional cultural practices they are associated with.
Race & Ethnicity
Race and ethnicity is a key element in therapy as it has been proved that therapist client relationships are much boosted when they are of the same race and ethnicity probably for the reason that the client may have a problem that the therapists understand under cultural phenomena’s surrounding it hence will consider them in giving advice. It is also proved that trust is much built between a therapist and client of the same race. Trust is a key factor in counselling (Leroy & Manning, 2016).
When counsellors and clients are of the same race, they will most probably share a cultural practice hence advises given will be in consideration of the shared cultural practice. For example, a counsellor may advice a depressed client to take some rest and let the husband help with cooking yet some cultures i.e. African cultures do not allow men to cook when their wives are present.
Prejudice & Discrimination
Prejudgments and discrimination greatly affect counselling both from therapist to client or vice versa. Prejudgment is when one makes conclusions over a certain person or topic hence will affect therapy process and the final result because, with conclusions, one will no longer be interested in the therapy process for the perspective that the end result has already been predicted. Discrimination is bred when people are from different races or cultures that do not harmonise well (Leroy & Manning, 2016).
Discrimination is the unjust treatment of race or subject. Discrimination greatly affects therapy as when notions of discrimination are portrayed i.e. from different cultures or races; trust is reduced. Trust should be built in therapy to enable the truth and confessions to be presented from the client. With the current racial integration and an expected further integration in the future i.e. between whites and blacks, prejudice and discrimination will reduce hence boost counselling as such discriminatory biases will be minimized in future (Leroy & Manning, 2016).
Privilege is a particular benefit or favour. Privileges such as white privileges therapy affect counselling as they breed discrimination resulting to the effects expounded in the discrimination point above (Leroy & Manning, 2016).
Contemporary Issues Facing Counselling
Contemporary issues relevant to today’s counselling activities include discrimination, prejudice and availability of services. Discrimination and prejudice reduce the effectiveness of results obtained while the availability of services in the counselling sector has helped in making life easier for depressed individuals as they can now easily access therapeutic services. Diverse society have an impact in counselling as apart from learning counselling techniques, counsellors have to familiarize themselves with cultural practices within their working regions (Leroy & Manning, 2016).
Cultural and Linguistic Standards for Services Today
Culture and linguistic standards are effective in today’s organizations or the reason that culture and behaviours influence the livelihood of individuals seeking services hence a moderate approach to culture and language should be incorporated to aid in the providence of competent care (Luis, 2017).
Counselling is an essential profession in today’s world and should be upheld in all possible ways for the reason that many people today suffer from depression and need counselling to get back to living a normal happy life.
Baruth, L. G., & Manning, M. L. (2016). Multicultural counseling and psychotherapy: A lifespan approach. Routledge.
Laosa, L. M. (2017). Cross-cultural and subcultural research in psychology and education. Revista Interamericana de Psicologia/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 7(3 & 4).
Nelson-Jones, R. (2015). Basic counselling skills: a helper’s manual. Sage.