Cleopatra was the last queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. One trait that exemplifies Cleopatra is bravery. An excellent example of Cleopatra’s bravery is shown in her courage to engage in war and battle activities. Pomeroy (25) indicates that Cleopatra was at “home on the battlefield”. The other example that exemplifies Cleopatra’s bravery is the occasions in which she was able to retain her independence even under the influence of such leaders such as Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Miles (2) presents that Cleopatra’s brave actions included her ability to conquer other territories such as Cyprus, Syria, and Levant.

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Cleopatra’s other trait is intelligence which is illustrated in her strategic political dealings that enabled her to stay in power. She aligned herself with Caesar and later Mark Antony which enabled her to protect her throne against possible Roman invasion. Additionally, her intelligence is shown in her learning of Egyptian which allowed her to interact and communicate with her subjects. Intelligent rulers are known to communicate with their subjects, and Cleopatra’s multilingual abilities were important in establishing the bond between her subjects and herself which increased her diplomatic and political leadership abilities.

Ambition is another trait that describes Cleopatra. The assassination of Julius Caesar did not stop Cleopatra in her attempts to consolidate power and protect her throne as she aligned with Mark Antony and openly opposed Augustus/Octavian as Cesar’s legal heir to Roman leadership (Bowman 35). Furthermore, Cleopatra’s ambition is also presented in her conquests of other lands such as Cyprus and Syria. Another example to illustrate Cleopatra’s ambition is the fact that she disposed of her two brothers with whom she was co-regent after the death of their father. Due to her ambition, she was able to establish herself as the ruler of Egypt instead of her brothers.


Works Cited

Bowman, Alan K. Egypt after the Pharaohs, 332 BC-AD 642: from Alexander to the Arab conquest. University of California Press, 1996.

Miles, Margaret M., ed. Cleopatra: A sphinx revisited. Univ of California Press, 2011.

Pomeroy, Sarah B. Women in Hellenistic Egypt: From Alexander to Cleopatra. Wayne State University Press, 1990.