There is possibility that bilingualism affects children’s cognitive and language based development this has been a major concern for both parents and teachers. There is research based evidence that bilingualism has both its advantages and disadvantages in the development of a child. The evidence indicates that second language acquisition especially at an early age results to confusion in cognitive and normal development for children and hence they are likely to fail in educational environment. Therefore, it is advisable for both parents and teachers to take care and a keen interest when they are bringing up this young generation.
Bilingualism has been proven to have no effect as the research was reversed by Peal and Lambert which showed remarkable superiority of bilinguals over the monolinguals in wide range of intellect tests. The current research has been more balanced in giving instances whereby bilinguals have excelled and performed better than monolinguals. public schools in urban centers are currently flocked with many children whose background is from various ethnic groups who have adopted English or French as their second language but they still perform well ( Holt, 2009).
Teaching young children, a second language and other skills while they are still young has numerous advantages. Children who learn a second language are more likely to concentrate more in the presence of an external stimulus unlike children who have a learnt only a single language. The ability to learn multiple languages helps in increasing the ability to avoid distractions and boost selectivity in avoiding distractions. Children are therefore better placed to learn, during the early age unlike when they are adolescents or in puberty. The earlier the child starts to learn multiple languages the easier it becomes for them to attain native language proficiency (Charles worth, 2014).
Information about bilingual child development is essential especially in interpreting how children perform and increase their cognitive abilities. Bilingual difficulties also result to poor academic and social life development and hence the need to understand the influence of language deployment in early age (Golinkoff and Hirsh Pasek 2000).
Children development comes along with unique characteristics in physical, cognitive, social and emotional development lastly language development. In case study of child development from a mere one-day kid up to four years I can confirm that development is according too many theorists. However, children may not master all the required stages of age mates but at least they achieve more each day. The best way to teach the young children the second language is by putting them in an environment where they are surrounded by the second language. In immersion method of learning children are more likely to develop language skills similar to English monolinguals. Bilingualism should be encouraged by promoting storytelling in multiple languages. And the parents should have a positive attitude towards languages and cultures because they form the basis of languages (Golinkoff and Hirsh Pasek 2000).
Finally, the results obtained indicate that childhood bilingualism is an important aspect which has the power to influence efficiency and cognitive development. In the reliable evidence obtained it’s clear that there are three common patterns. For instance, one indicated that bilingualism does not have an impact in child development this was evident from phonological awareness carried out from the assessment of memory span development and language development.
Charles worth, R. (2014). Understanding child development. Belmont,Calif: Wadsworth cengage learning.
Golinkoff, R & Hirsh Pasek, K. (2000). How babies talk: The magic and mystery language in the first three years of life. New York. Oxford Press.
Holt J. C (2009). How children learn. Cambridge, MA : Da Capo Press,