Causes of French and Indian War


In the 1750s, France extended their territories into Ohio River Valley which resulted in a conflict with Great Britain colony. The French and Indian war commenced in 1754 and culminated in 1763 with the signing of Treaty of Paris. Remarkably, the war took place in North America between France and Britain as the main participants. Indian allies assisted both sides during the war. France increased expansion of the territories belonging to Britain colony hence causing the conflict. Consequently, the Great Britain won the war which resulted in the amplification of their isolated areas (Brinkley 30). However, the national debt increased in Britain country due to massive funding of the war for seven years. Therefore, this paper will discuss the main causes of the French and Indian war as well as the outcomes of the seven-year war.

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Besides, the crisis began as a result of France expansion of the territorial lands which were presumed to belong to Britain colonists. “In the 1750s, France expanded their territories into Ohio Valley hence resulting in a conflict” (Brinkley 26). The lands were assumed to belong to Great Britain colonists, and they revolted back to acquire their territories. Also, European imperialism was a cause of the war. Britain wanted to forcefully extend their power, influence, and authority through territorial gain and establishment of political and economic dominance. Additionally, the colonial rivalry between the French and Britain resulted in the seven-year war. The two rivalries fought to decide whether North America was a Britain Empire or a France empire (Brinkley 30). The establishment of colonies provided land as well as new trading opportunities in America. On the same note, the war began to resolve if France or Britain would be a great power in North America. Previously, Britain had suffered major defeats from the French. Therefore, the war began to decide which European power was superior to the other.

Consequently, French were defeated hence Britain won the war. In 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed between Spain, Great Britain, and France to end the war. According to the Treaty of Paris, Great Britain was entitled to all the lands in Canada and east of River Mississippi except New Orleans (Brinkley 39). Therefore, France lost all the territorial lands in North America specifically the lands in the east of Mississippi. Additionally, Britain heavily incurred a lot of national debt attributed to the excessive funding of its army during the war. Due to excessive national debt, Britain opted to increase tax rates within her colonies to aid in recovering the debt. In America, various types of taxes were imposed on natives which led to American Revolution war.


In summary, the French and Indian war was caused by different factors such as European imperialism, colonial rivalry and land extension by the French. The war involved two major parties which include Britain and French. The two European nations fought to decide which empire was to control North America. England funded their army, and after seven years they emerged as the winners. Treaty of Paris was signed by the two rivalries which marked the end of the seven-year war (Brinkley 38). Consequently, Britain gained a lot of lands in North America while France lost some of their territories. On the same note, Britain incurred a huge debt following the massive funding of their army during the seven-year war (Brinkley 39). Consequently, they imposed taxes on their colonies which resulted in further war such as the American Revolution.


Work Cited

Brinkley, A. American History: Connecting with the past. Volume1. 15th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2015.