The Boston Massacre, formerly known as the Bloody Massacre in King Street, took place on the evening of March 5, 1770. It led to the death of three people on the scene and other two later following the wounds obtained from the act. The five victims of the Massacre were Crispus Attucks, James Caldwell, Patrick Carr, Samuel Gray, and Samuel Maverick. They were buried at a common place called Granary Burying ground in Boston (Hinderaker). Later, two separate trails for the Boston Massacre started. The first one was the trial of the British officer in charge, Captain Thomas Preston which commenced almost eight months after the occurrence of the Massacre. Captain Preston trial took one week starting from October 24, 1770 and ended on October 30, 1770. The officer was arrested for manslaughter along with other eight of his men. Another trial which started on November 27, 1770, almost one month after that of Preston, was for the soldiers. The trial for the soldiers ended December 14, 1770. As a result of the trials, nine British regulars were held reliable for the Boston Massacre. The captain and six of his men were acquitted, while two others were confirmed guilty of manslaughter.
The Massacre resulted from the heavy military presence in Boston due to efforts by the British to enforce the Townshend Acts of 1767 (Hinderaker). The Britain dispatched four thousand troops to Boston in October 1768 which was not a small number comparing the number of residents of Boston at that time which was only twenty thousand. From 1770 to 1772, three years after the Massacre, there was no significant confrontation between the colonists and British.
Hinderaker, Eric. Boston’s Massacre. Harvard University Press, 2017.