Book Review: Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

Brave New World was published in 1932 by Aldous Huxley. The novel is set in the future London and highlights the impact of technology and readers come to understand what it means to be happy by looking at the past and the future. The book offers a clear picture of the bleak possibility and evidence of the problems of unemployment, violence, social malaise as well as class conflict which is embedded in pillars of identity, community, and stability. As such, Huxley makes an exploration of a futuristic society and illuminates a classic dystopia nature that creates fear in the modern world.

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Main Arguments

Huxley makes an exploration of the evils of a society that is seemingly successful and satisfied. He explains a society affected by the drug soma and other carnal pleasures of sex. The book also chronicles how the power of technology can save people and also portrays the perils embedded in it. The book is set in the futuristic world and revolves around the idea of totalitarianism. According to the authors, the combination of pleasure and science form a “feudalistic society” (Huxley, 1932). Besides, in the world characterized by Deltas, Gammas, Betas, and Alphas, their exits the drug-induced happiness caused by soma. The author emphasizes that the system of promiscuity has brainwashed people from the time of birth. The author also argues that the world will be transformed and that drugs and sex will come from the central pleasures of society.

Evaluation and Analysis

Notably, Brave New World is a scary depiction of what the world would be like in the future. There is no doubt that the arguments in the book are relevant in today’s world. The author fabricates a universe that is centered on the pillars of “Community, Identity, and Stability,” and the one that shifts “the emphasis from truth and beauty to comfort and happiness” (Bloom, 2011). Huxley carefully exposes the instabilities that control the world. Throughout the book, the author prompts the reader to reconsider his or her values and seek truth and happiness. Notably, the futuristic society mirrored by the author is based on pleasure without moral repercussions.

Brave New World mirrors the current world by presenting a dystonic world. The book was written in 1932 at the time when fascism and communism had entrenched Italy and Russia and the rise of Nazism became widespread in Germany. Japan has also embarked on a militaristic mission in the quest to conquer China, and more importantly, the entire world was gripped by the problem of the Great Depression (Ahmed, 2016). However, it is interesting to note that despite the political, social, and economic problems that had engulfed the world at the time, Huxley still managed to see through the dark clouds and thus envisioned a futuristic society without plagues of war, famine, and distress, but rather a dystonic nature having abundant health. The book uses advanced biotechnology and a social engineering spectrum in attempts to make the argument valid. The world is peaceful and prosperous in the book setting, and every individual is satisfied.

Additionally, the book is certainly informative and educative as it explores the dangers of technology to the world. Indeed, at the core of Huxley’s book there lies the horrific idea of eugenics. Even though the novel was written some decades ago, the message continues to be valid in today’s generation. Currently, every person seems to be contented with extreme carnal pleasures, and stability is attained through sacrificing freedom and personal responsibility (Bloom, 2011). The author vividly conveys to the reader that technology does not have the power to successfully save people from the misfortunes manifested in the modern world. The theme has been dominant in the book, and this is seen from the concepts of high-tech computers, gaming programs, and music players. Besides, the book is reliable and explores how science molds immorality in society.

However, Huxley’s novel can be criticized for its weak characterization and plot development which are significant weaknesses. Besides, the book is cited to exemplify numerous detrimental activities such as drugs and sex, and for this reason, it has faced frequent banns in literary history. Notably, the book denotes to give free rein to drugs and sex as well as other evils portraying them to be a supreme value of happiness. Besides, the book also has a weakness as it depicts to be a complex novel to read. Some of the parts are not easily understandable as the author uses complicated sentences and tough vocabulary. Despite the weaknesses, the meaning of the novel leaves a deep impression, and the provocative nature renders it an interesting read.

Conclusion

Brave New World is one of the most prophetic books to ever exist in the 20th century that forms a most profound discussion of happiness in modern philosophy. The book entrenches the deep impact of technology and social transformation showcasing how the aspects have been vital in reshaping the world. Critically, Brave New World reveals to be an interesting read and satirizes a future delineated by chaos.

 

References

Ahmed, A. (2016). Enslavement and freedom in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. International Journal of English and Literature7(4), 48-52. https://doi.org/10.5897/IJEL2015.0779

Bloom, H. (2011). Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. Chelsea House Publishers.

Huxley, A. (1932). Brave New World. Harper & Row.