According to Natalia Milanesio, what did nationalism and social entitlement have to do with food consumption during the Peronist regime in Argentina?

As from the beginning of the administration of the Peronist, consumption of food was a component of central propaganda and the policy of the state. In the article, the researchers appreciated the fact that food has a significant aspect in the shaping of a nation. Scholars in the food industry equally attest that ethnicities, women, races, men, food companies, advertising agencies, classes, food advocates, and consumer advocates as the leading producers and consumers of the food (Milanesio 75-85).

The predisposition of the government to use beef as a means of painting a picture of increased standards of living led to an increase in the consumption of beef per capita in the 1940s. It undermined the general view of Argentina in its exports and favored internal use over the markets beyond the borders. The beef politics shaped the endowing ideology on its sovereignty economically as well as reinforced the state commitment to developing an industrial and prosperous country that ensures an equal distribution of the national resources for the benefit of the citizens (Milanesio 86-94).

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In the early 1950s, the government had to retract the step with the economic crisis somehow. The consumption of beef was prohibited for one day in a week to encourage the use of fruit and vegetables, and to replace beef with the fish. The reason for the change, however, was different, to preserve the country’s culture of culinary and to have a very healthy workforce. Also, the move was a result of the modern scientific research which favored the different kinds of diets to remain healthy (Milanesio 96-106).

In conclusion, the central theme of the Peronist industrial plan was shaped majorly by the politics of food, the definition of the public health policies and the international trade. The food politics were a means of retaining and gathering the government’s primary support, the middle-class, and the labor movement. The government’s intervention on the food distribution and production improved the standards of living.


Work Cited

Milanesio, Natalia. Food Politics and Consumption in Peronist Argentina.” Hispanic American Historical Review, 90.1, 2010, pp. 75-106