“A Day in Life of Adam and Eve” creates an empirical background of the history and the psychology of human beings. This chapter is a comprehensive outline of the evolution of human brain. In this case, the book chapter offers us a chance to get into the heads of our ancestors to understand how their day to day activities affect people in the modern world. The major argument of this chapter is that evolutionary psychology is the best way to understand people’s eating habits, conflicts with the environment, and other activities related to the modern world (Harari, 2014).
Ideally, the author argues that our physical and mental characteristics were shaped during the ancient foraging period whereby hunting and gathering were the main economic and social activities. In other words, the paper argues that functionalism of mind can be traced to the day of hunting and gathering. For instance, the author likened the character of engaging in high-calorie food to the days before the agrarian revolution. The author stated that people during that time would eat as many fruits as they could because it was the sensible thing to do. In this case, if someone did not eat the fruits baboons would come and pick them up. Therefore, in the modern world, we eat high-calorie food because of fears for our next meal (Harari, 2014).
Additionally, the chapter continues to argue that human beings have evolved faster than their DNA. Modern foragers use survival tactics gained during the days of hunting animals and gathering fruits even though they do not need them to survive. For instance, people in the modern world have things stuffed in their fridges because of the fear of the future. These people’s DNA has wired their brain in such a way they think that they are still Savannah (Harari, 2014). In addition to that, according to the chapter, different conflicts that are experienced by human beings in the modern world are because of their interaction with the post-industrial proponents of the environment. Ideally, members of a foraging band knew each other well because they surrounded themselves with friend and relatives. The centralization of their families brought about some sense of unity that is not experienced in the modern world. Moreover, the ancient forage period entailed diverse activities that made people live meaningful lives. Therefore, the current conflicts of ethnicity and marriage are a result of the modern environment trying to force human beings to abandon the nuclear and diversified system of relationships and activities which is the part of their DNA (Harari, 2014).
Additionally, this chapter also plays a significant role in explaining why modern foragers have become fat and unfit. The interaction with the post-industrial environment has raised riches of imbeciles. The logic behind this phenomenon is that people have lost their physical fitness because of lack of the need to survive. In this case, modern foragers have specialized in doing one thing and doing it for many hours. Furthermore, modern foragers can survive on other people’s skills. Unlike modern foragers, ancient foragers had to master movement of animals which, as a result, enhanced their physical and cognitive abilities. Principally, the modern environments have made the society to become mentally and physically unfit (Harari, 2014). In short, this chapter plays a critical role in explaining how our brain was shaped many millennia ago. The authors offer an empirical overview of how subsequent lives of ancient foragers continue to influence lives of modern people.
Harari, Y. N., Purcell, J., & Watzman, H. (2014). Sapiens: A brief history of mankind. Harvill Secker.